THE RAPTURE AND ISRAEL
By William West
“Unconditional Immortality Or Resurrection Of The Dead”
THE PREMILLENNIALIST VIEW OF CHRIST
THE BATTLE OF ARMAGEDDON
THE PREMILLENNIAL THOUSAND-YEARS
THE THRONE OF DAVID
DANIEL'S 70 WEEKS AND THE "GAP"
THE "ANTICHRIST" AND "MAN OF SIN"
THE FIRST RESURRECTION AND THE SECOND DEATH
THE THIRTEENTH TRIBE OF ISRAEL
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Š Chapter 1: Premillennial beliefs, a multitude of divisions and confusions
Š Chapter 2: The nature of Christ.
o The nature of Christ before He became flesh
§ (1) Jesus Christ, the God who made all things and us
Š Chapter 3: Christ as reviled in the Old Testament
Š Chapter 4: Christ as reviled in the New Testament
o Jesus in the New Testament
o Jesus as reviled in John's gospel. The person who came from God and returned to God
o Jesus as reviled in Hebrews
Š Chapter 5: Jesus Christ, the God who became a man
o The nature of Christ while He was flesh and dwelled among us [John 1:14]
§ (1) Jesus Christ, the God who became a man
§ (2) Jesus Christ, the God who died my death for my sin
o The nature of Christ now and for all eternity
§ (1) Jesus Christ, the God who lives
§ (2) Jesus in John's Gospel: Came from Heaven, sent by God, will return to God
Š Chapter 6: The nature of mankind
o (1) The nature of mankind from creation to the resurrection
§ The nature of mankind before the first sin
§ The nature of mankind after Adam's sin
§ From birth to death
§ From death to the resurrection
o (2) The nature of mankind for all eternity after the resurrection
Š Chapter 7: What body does Christ now have in Heaven?
Š Chapter 8: Was the death and resurrection of Christ foreknown by God?
Š Chapter 9: Kingdom of Heaven or kingdom of God?
Š Chapter 10: Did God plan the church or was it just an afterthought?
o If both God and Christ had not failed
Š Chapter 11: Back to the temple made with hands
o From the blood of Christ back to the blood of animals
o From Christ our High Priest back to the Old Testament priesthood
o From the substance back to the shadow
o From the better New Covenant back to the Old Covenant
o From that which makes alive back to that which kills
o From free back to bondage
Š Chapter 12: Old Testament passages used by Millennialists to teach Christ would set up a kingdom and rule the world from Jerusalem
Š Chapter 13: New Testament passages used by Millennialists
o (1) Matthew 24: The destruction of Israel, this chapter is regarded by many Millennialists as being their strongest proof of the Millennium.
§ Preterit Eschatology - Realized Eschatology - The A. D. 70 Doctrine
§ The day of the Lord
§ On the day of the Lord - The second coming of Christ
§ On the day of the Lord - The resurrection and judgment of the righteous
§ On the day of the Lord - The resurrection and judgment of the wicked
§ On the day of the Lord - The final judgment
§ On the day of the Lord - The total destruction of the earth and the heavens which were made from nothing and will return to nothing
§ On the day of the Lord - The total destruction of the lost
§ On the day of the Lord - The second death
§ On the day of the Lord - Death will be abolished
§ On the day of the Lord - The saved forever with the Lord
§ On the day of the Lord - The kingdom will be delivered up to God
§ On the day of the Lord - Christ will bring the lawless one to an end by the appearance of His coming
§ On the day of the Lord - "Wrath in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God"
o (2) 2 Peter 3
o (3) 1 Thessalonians 4:17: Will the second coming of Christ be Premillennial? Will there be an invisible return of Christ?
o (4) Revelation 20: The Thousand years
o (5) Other New Testament passages used by Millennialists. The first resurrection and the second death. Is there one resurrection, or two, or more then two resurrections?
Š Chapter 14: The "last days" passages
Š Chapter 15: What is the Great Tribulation?
Š Chapter 16: What is Armageddon?
Š Chapter 17: Who is John's "Antichrist"? Who is Paul's "man of sin"?
Š Chapter 18: The Premillennial views of "Hell"
Š Chapter 19: Well-known Millennium predictions that failed
Š Chapter 20: The throne of David
o (1) The Jewish earthly kingdom of Israel
o (2) The Millennium earthly kingdom of Israel
Š Chapter 21: Is the Gospel "The power of God to salvation"?
Š Chapter 22: Israel, is it still God's chosen people?
o The two-fold promise
§ The land promise
§ The seed promise
o God's Israel of today
Š Chapter 23: The Thirteenth Tribe
Summary: God, Daniel or any others of the Old Testament prophets did not know about The Millennium
WHAT IS PREMILLENNIAL BELIEFS?
For the most part the Premillennialists beliefs are a revival of the beliefs of the Jews in the time of Christ. Israel was looking for an earthly king who would drive Rome out, conquer other nations, and restore the Kingdom as it was in the time of David. Premillennialists say this is what Christ came to do but that God did not foresee the Jews rejecting and killing Christ, but because they did, the restoring of the kingdom was put off and the church age is an unforeseen substitute, which begins at the death of Christ and will last only unto He comes back, then the unforeseen church age (the "gap") will end, Israel and the Law of the Old Testament will be restored. Christ, who most Millennialists believe to be a created being and did not exist before His birth and He will literally sit on the throne of David in Jerusalem and rule the world. Premillennialists make God and Christ to have failed in their plan to setup the kingdom of Heaven because of the rejection of Christ by the Jews; and His death, resurrection, or God did not foresee the “church age” which they call the gap. To this basis teaching, different Millennialists add a seven-year rapture, some before the Millennium, and some after it, and many other contradictory variations of beliefs. In the Millennium Satan will be bound for a thousand years, but will be loosed for a "little season." He and his angels will make war on Christ in Jerusalem and all but overcome Him (the battle of Armageddon), but God will save Him. Satan, his angels, and the lost will come to their end in Gehenna just south of Jerusalem, which will have been restored. Most believe Christ and the saved will live forever on this earth and no person will ever go to Heaven. In brief, the Premillennialists belief is a complete rewrite of the Bible.
As David Brown puts it, "Premillennialism is no barren speculation--useless though true, or innocuous though false. It is a school of Scripture interpretation; it impinges upon and affects some of the most commanding points of the Christian faith; and when suffered to work its unimpeded way, it stops not till it has pervaded with its own genius the entire system of one's theology, and the whole tone of spiritual character, constructing, I had almost said, a world of its own; so that, holding the same faith, and cherishing the same fundamental hopes as other Christen, he yet sees things through a medium of his own, and finds everything instinct with the life which this doctrine has generated within him" Page 8, and "That the fleshly and sublunary state is not to terminated with the second coming of Christ, but to be then set up in a new form; when with His glorified saints, the Redeemer will reign in person on the throne of David at Jerusalem for a thousand years, over a world of men yet in the flesh, eating and drinking, planting and building, marrying and giving in marriage, under this mysterious way." Christ's Second Coming: Will It Be Premillennial, Page 6, T. and T. Clark, Edinburgh, 1858.
The Messiah Israel looked for was a person who would restore Israel as a nation and make them supreme to all other nations as it was in the time of David. In the restored nation they looked for, there would have been birth, life and death for all just as there was in the time of David. No one thought they would have eternal life. It was not something they looked for. Eternal life was something new to the teaching of Christ.
Israel looked for a messiah that was just as David was, a man that would live and die just as David did, a person that was just a human as all other persons were. Not a Messiah that would be God. The belief of Millennialists is that Christ was going to set up the earthly kingdom of Israel and that the death and resurrection of Christ were not in the plan of God. This view is basic to all the versions of the Millennium. Without it the Millennium would be totally destroyed. With it, salvation through the death and resurrection of Christ is totally destroyed. There is no way both can be true. Many versions of Premillennial doctrines destroy life after death for all and replace it with only a lifetime on this earth with no evil, but one that still has death at the end of this lifetime. At the end of the life of the Messiah the Jews looked for no one would have been saved from the wages of sin, death, for the Jews would not have crucified Christ and He would hot have shed His blood to give us life in place of death. No one, Jew or Gentile, would ever have eternal life without the death of Christ. There would be no life after death [1 Corinthians 15:13-19].
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Premillennial beliefs, a multitude of divisions and confusions
After the Judgment where will we spend eternity? When I begin to research for this book, I was surprised and shocked to learn how many there are who say they believe the Bible but do not believe in the deity and the preexistence of Christ, but believe that He did not existence before His birth. Even more surprised to learn that many believe that the sacrifice of Christ will be put aside and go back to the Old Testament sacrifices of animal; back from the substance to the shadow [Hebrews 8:5ff; 10:1-24]; and that the New Covenant is just an afterthought. Satan is doing his work well.
But, I have been just as surprised at how many there are that say they are Christians, members of the church Christ give His life for that does not know that this kind of teaching is going on in the religious world, often even in the congregation they attend, and they do not seem to care. When I first became a Christian in the fifty, most Christians know the Bible and would do all they could to teach any person that was in err; now it often does not seem to be so.
Premillennial doctrine is a system (s) of interpretation, which involves meaning and significance of the whole Bible, and determines the present purpose of God. Premillennial beliefs make God and Christ to have failed in their plan to setup the kingdom because of the rejection of Christ by the Jews. It makes the church to be something God set up as a substitution. It makes two resurrections, one of the just, which is most often said to be at the second coming of Christ; and a second resurrection of the lost a thousand years after the coming of Christ and the first resurrection. Some versions of Premillennial doctrines make Christ be nothing more than a glorified man. Some versions make Christ and all the saved to live on earth for all eternity with a body much as we now have. In short, it is a system of faith that has little in common with the New Testament. The Premillennial doctrine is based on the belief that God can and did fail to accomplish his will. If both God and Christ did not fail, the Premillennial belief is completely destroyed.
1. The Scofield Bible says God failed.
2. Hal Lindsey in "There's A New World Coming" says God failed.
3. Charles Ryrie in "The Basis of the Premillennial Faith" says God and Christ failed.
4. The Premillennial doctrine affects the interpretation of the covenant with Abraham by making it not yet be fulfilled, but still to be fulfilled at some future time.
5. It affects the interpretation of God's promise to David that his descendants would rule over Israel forever. Changes Christ now ruling in His kingdom, the church, to Christ literally ruling on this earth at some time in the future.
6. It affects the interpretation of the Old Testament prophecies of the kingdom by making the kingdom be a combination of church and state on this earth, the earthly kingdom of the Old Testament.
There are many divisions in Premillennial beliefs, an astounding lack of agreement between themselves. In fact, there are so many different variations of the Millennium theories that it would be impossible to accurately define what is meant by Premillennial. That which one person believes and calls Premillennial will be completely alien to that which another person believes and calls Premillennial. One book on Premillennial beliefs will have only a few similarity and many disagreements with another book on Premillennial beliefs.
Most Premillennialists believe it was prophesied that Christ was to set up an earthly kingdom on the throne of David and reign from Jerusalem, but because the Jews rejected Him the establishment of the kingdom was put off unto after His second coming and the church was established instead, but only as a temporary substitution. The Jews will be restored, and the temple rebuilt.
Some Premillennialists tell us that God planned for Christ to set up the kingdom of Heaven when He came, but His rejection by the Jews was a surprise to God, therefore, He set up the church as a substitution and at that time made plains to set up the kingdom of Heaven at the second coming of Christ. But, other Premillennialists give us many passages to show that God foretold of the kingdom to be set up at the second coming of Christ. How could god not have known that the kingdom would not be set up unto the second coming of Christ and at the same time foretold it? This Premillennial belief makes Christ a failure. He failed to set up the kingdom He came to set up. Do not believe this for Christ did what he came to do. He came to fulfill the law and the prophets, which included setting up the kingdom, and he did.
Most Premillennialists believe Christ did not exist unto his birth.
APOCALYPTIC OR EARLY MILLENNIUM BELIEFS: There were much Apocalyptic writing in the time between the Testaments and in the first century, which was believed by many Jews and the early Christians were influenced by it. The early Millennium beliefs were that there was a dualistic world of both good and evil but the good would in time overcome the evil. The Apocalyptic Premillennial belief again became somewhat popular in the nineteenth century.
MEDIEVAL ALLEGORICAL OR HISTORIC PREMILLENNIALISTS BELIEF: Satan was lord over the world and Christ over the Church. There was an ongoing battle between the two, but the battle has already been won through the cross and eventually what domain was left to Satan would be taken from him. The church will stay on earth and go through the tribulation period. Augustine's allegorical view was the view of many in middle ages and the reformation, and it is still believed by some today. It was the official belief of the medieval church. However, there were groups of Apocalyptic Millennialists after the Medieval Age, mostly under charismatic leaders and were often associated with radicalism and counterculture groups.
DISPENSATIONAL OR LITERAL PREMILLENNIALISTS
1. Dispensationalist believes Christ failed to establish the kingdom He came to establish.
2. Because He failed to establish the kingdom He set up the church, which is a “parenthetical” unto the time that He will be able to set up the kingdom.
3. God now has two people. The Jews are God’s earthly people and the church is God’s heavenly people. His heavenly people will eventually be taken from the earth and the “timeline of prophetic will be “restarted,” the temple rebuild and animal sacrifices will be renewed.
Š Although there are many versions, this is the base view and these three points are in most versions.
CLASSICAL OR UNMODIFIED DISPENSATIONAL belief is a radical division of the Apocalyptic Premillennialists, which teach there are seven distinct periods and God deals with man according to different principles in each of the periods. This view was first taught by John Nelson Darby about 1800 to 1880 and became well know when Scofield put most of Darby's views in the Scofield Reference Bible. Belief of Premillennialists goes back to about the third century. The beliefs of Dispensationalists begin with John Darby. When a doctrine is known to have an origin eighteen centuries after the New Testament, should not all know it could not be from the Bible? In the past, The Dispensational doctrine was taught mostly by Pentecostal and Holiness churches but has now become wider spread. It seems to have become the most accepted version of Premillennial doctrines and has now spread to many churches.
Some of the basic views of Dispensationalists
1. Mankind was innocent from creation to the fall.
2. Mankind under conscience from the fall to the flood. Mankind with authority over the earth from the flood to Abraham.
3. Mankind under promise from Abraham to the Law of Moses.
4. Mankind under the Law from the Law of Moses to Christ
5. Mankind from the death of Christ to His second coming.
6. Mankind from the second coming to the end of the Millennium.
7. From the second coming to the end of the Millennium.
1. There will be a second coming of Christ to set up His kingdom after the seven-year Tribulation.
2. There will be a resurrection of the just before the millennium and a resurrection of the unjust after the millennium.
3. The Jews will repent and receive the land forever that was promised to Abraham, which they say was unconditional and have not been fulfilled.
4. The "Kingdom of Heaven" is the kingdom of David that was postponed when the Jews rejected Christ and He failed to establish an earthly kingdom with Israel, which He came to establish, but it will be restored for Israel. That the land promise was unconditional and was unfulfilled; therefore, Israel must be restored.
5. The "Kingdom of God" is God's universal kingdom that will be worldwide. It seems that many Dispensationalists believe the Kingdom of Heaven will be God's kingdom on earth of Jews, and the Kingdom of God will be God's kingdom in Heaven of Gentiles. Instead of 144,000 Jews being the only ones in Heaven, as many Premillennialists believe, many Dispensationalists have no Jews and all Gentiles in Heaven; In other words, most dispensationalists believe Jews will spend eternity on earth on the land God promised to Abraham forever and Gentiles will spend eternity in Heaven [Note: This is Dispensationalism as it is set forth in the Scofield Bible but this or no other belief seems to be universal among Premillennialists or Dispensationalists so do not be surprised if one says "that is not what I believe." Many do but some do not]. Dispensationalists are divided on where the church will be both during the rapture and during the millennium; also where and what the church will be after the millennium. Some teach it will be in Heaven or will dwell in the New Jerusalem hovering above the earth unto the millennium is over, others say the church will return to earth when seven-years are over and the millennium begins.
DISPENSATIONALISTS TODAY AND ISRAEL BELIEFS THE SAME
Š Both believe the nation of Israel was going to be literally restored.
Š Both believe the Law is to be restored, including the temple being rebuilt and animal sacrifices.
Š Both believe Israel is to be superior to all other nations.
Š Both believe the Christ is to be an earthly king of the restored nation if Israel.
Š Both believe Christ’s kingdom is to be an earthly kingdom.
o Dispensationalist’s believe Christ is coming to do the very things Israel rejected Him for not doing. If He had done what the dispensationalist’s say He is going to do, the Jews would never have rejected Him.
PROGRESS OR MODIFIED DISPENSATIONAL PREMILLENNIALISTS have called in question and abandoned some of the teaching of classical dispensational beliefs.
POSTMILLENNIALISTS believe the thousand years, like many things in Revelation, is not to be taken literally, but symbolical of a long period of time. Unlike many Premillennialists, most post Millennialists do not believe there will be a literally thousand years. Christ is now ruling as King and Priest [Hebrews 7] in the church, and eventually, the whole world will become Christians, and there will be a long period of peace. Christ will return after this time of peace. This Postmillennial belief was the dominant view among Protestants from the Reformation unto after the publication of the Scofield Reference Bible in 1909.
Premillennialists or Postmillennialists
THE RAPTURE: But which rapture?
1. "PRE-TRIBULATION RAPTURE" Many Dispensationalists believe this view of the rapture. In this view the rapture will occur before the period of persecution, before the tribulation period begin. The rapture and an invisible second coming will take place before the seven-year tribulation. After the seven-year rapture Jesus will return to earth. Some, who believes this view, believe that there will be one coming of Christ, some two, and some three or more. More Premillennialists than may believe this view than any of the others. The pre-tribulation rapture was not taught before about 1830 by anyone and only became well known after the Scofield Reference Bible was published in 1909. Dave MacPherson says, "We have seen that a young Scottish lassie named Margaret Macdonald had a private revelation in Port Glasgow, Scotland, in the early part of 1830 that a select group of Christians would be caught up to meet Christ in the air before the days of Antichrist. An eye-and-ear witness, Robert Norton M.D., preserved her handwritten account of her pre-trib rapture revelation in two of his books, and said it was the first time anyone ever split the second coming into two distinct parts or stages. His writings, along with much other Catholic Apostolic Church literature, have been hidden many decades from the mainstream of Evangelical thought and only recently surfaced. Margaret's views were well-known to those who visited her home, among them John Darby of the Brethren. Within a few months her distinctive prophetic outlook was mirrored in the September, 1830 issue of The Morning Watch and the early Brethren assembly at Plymouth, England. Early disciples of the pre-trib interpretation often called it a new doctrine." "The Incredible Cover-Up: The True Story of the Pre-Trib Rapture" 1975, Page 93.
2. "MID-TRIBULATION RAPTURE" This view is that the church will be raptured away during the middle of the tribulation.
3. "POST-TRIBULATION RAPTURE" This view is that the rapture will occur after the seven-year tribulation.
4. "PARTIAL-RAPTURE" Only certain believers will be raptured. They do not agree with each other on whom or how they will be chosen or why only some of the saved will be raptured. This view is somewhat like the Pre-tribulation rapture, which believes the church is composed of true Christians and those who only make a profession of being a Christian. The true Christians will be raptured away and not go into the tribulation but those who only make a profession of being a Christian will be left on earth and be in the tribulation.
5. "PREWRATH RAPTURE" Believers will escape the wrath by being removed from the earth before it begins.
6. "MANY MINI-RAPTURES" This view is that there will not be just one rapture but many mini-raptures at different times. They do not agree with each other on (1) how many there will be, (2) if any are all are passed, (3) if any are all of the mini-raptures are yet to be.
7. "ALREADY PAST RAPTURE" Or the A. D. 70 rapture. If you are living today, you have been "left behind." This view, like the above views, crosses denominational lines and is found in many of them.
8. "SECRET RAPTURE" In many of their books of fictions there is a secret rapture? Secret from whom? If it were secret where did they find anything about it? When they tell about it in their books, how can it be secret? If all Christians were suddenly absent from the earth, how could there be anything "secret" about it? They are doing all the teaching they can to make sure that it is not a secret from anyone. The resurrection is never called a “secret,” it will come as unexpected as a thief, but it will be seen and known about by all.
9. "FIRST AND SECOND STAGES" R. H. Boll's view is that Christ will come in two stages. In the first stage the saints will be removed from the earth for a time; then the "real second coming" will be when Christ returns after the first stage.
"COVENANT THEOLOGY" is that God covenant of grace remains the same in all the seven dispensations throughout the Old and New Testaments as opposed to the different purposes for each of the seven dispensations of Dispensational beliefs. Covenant Theology especially believe Israel and the church are under the same covenant of grace as opposed to both being under different covenants of grace as Dispensational Premillennialists believe them to be.
PRETERITS (full) view is that the second coming of Christ has already taken place along with the great tribulation, the rapture and the final judgment occurred in A. D. 70 when Jerusalem was destroyed and no second coming of Christ, no resurrection, no tribulation is yet to come, and the old heavens and earth completely passed away and now we are living in the new heavens and earth; the Great Commission has been completely fulfilled. The A. D. 70 theory called "Realized Eschatology" seems to be a renewal of the Preterits belief under a new name. Realized Eschatology teaches that Christ came in A. D. 70, all prophecies were fulfilled at that time, the Old Testament saints were resurrected, and all that are in Christ go to be with Christ (supposedly in Heaven) at the moment of their death.
PRETERITS (partial) view is that Christ did come in judgment on Israel in A. D. 70 and came in judgment on others nations, but the judgment of all at the second coming of Christ is yet to come.
AMILLENNIALIAL VIEW believes the thousand years (ten time ten times ten, a full or complete period of time; ten in the Bible denotes a fullness, a thousand denotes a large indefinite number, God owns the cattle on a thousand hills Psalm 50:10) are symbolic of a long period of time, which begin with the establishment of the kingdom of God or Heaven (the church) in A. D. 30 and will last unto the return of Christ when the kingdom will be delivered up to God [1 Corinthians 15:24]. Amillennialists believe the "signs of the times" (tribulation, apostasy, the spirit of the Antichrist, etc.) to be marks of this present time, and there will not be a "golden age" of unprecedented gospel victory over all the earth before His return. The symbolism of the binding of Satan in Revelation 20 refers to Satan now being limited by the victory of Christ over death.
JEHOVAH'S WITNESSES view of the Millennium is that 144,000 will be chosen to go to Heaven and with Christ rule over all others who will be on earth. Also, all will be given a second chance in the Millennium.
SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTIST view of the Millennium is that the Millennium will be in Heaven. During the thousand years the saints will be in Heaven, and at the end of the Millennium a Holy City will descend from Heaven and the saved will live a wonderful life in it forever. Their Heaven will be on this earth. The resurrection and destruction of the wicked will be at the end of the Millennium. They believe that at the second coming of Christ the unrighteous will be kill, the righteous will be taken back to Heaven for a thousand years. During the thousand years only Satan and his angels will inhabit the earth. At the end of the thousand years Christ will return to earth with the saved and the unrighteous will be raised for judgment. Satan gathers his angels and with the help of the resurrected unrighteous will attempt to interfere with the judgment. They will be destroyed. No seven-year rapture.
LATTER-DAY SAINTS (Mormons) view of the Millennium is that Christ will destroy the wicked at His coming and the earth will be transformed to a terrestrial glory, as they believe it was before Adam's sin. During the thousand years, life on earth will be about as it is now but without sin, poverty, or crime. They will have children, build houses, and in all ways go about life as now. With their "new revelations" they add many more details, to many to list in the space I have. After the Millennium, they have three degrees of glory. The highest will be the celestial glory that will be on this earth, which will have the things the earth now has, cities, rivers, animals, etc. The Terrestrial and Celestial glories will not be on earth, but I have not found where they tell where these two glories will be. All that are not Mormons will be in one of the two. Only the few who were Mormons and fell away will be cast in outer darkness where there is no glory, but what happens to them seems not to have been made known at this time; or just not made known to those who are not Mormons; they keep much of their beliefs from those who are not Mormons.
CHURCH FATHERS: Some were influenced by the belief of the Jews that the Christ was to restore the earthly kingdom to Israel but their belief was noting like the Premillennialists of today. About the only thing the two have in common was the restoring of the earthly kingdom of Israel. They did not believe in the seven year rapture, an invisible coming of Christ, two resurrections, God having two kingdoms, an earthly kingdom of Jews, and another heavenly church kingdom. In spite of the fact that their belief is alike in only one point many Premillennialists claim them as early Premillennialists. This is like the Baptist finding one point where the Catholics believe the same and claiming them as Baptist.
THE TEN LOST TRIBES ARE ENGLAND, WHICH IS THE REAL ISRAEL TODAY! I found it difficult to believe, and I think many will find this just as difficult to believe as I did, yet there is a rather large group within the Millennium beliefs that believe that the Anglo-Saxons Race is the true Israel. Richard Brothers was the originator, and it was later spread by Piazzi Smyth. There are books both pro and con on this theory. Perhaps the best book in defense of this theory is by Professor E. Odlum, "God's Covenant Man: British Israel." Herbert W. Armstrong of the Church of God taught this. For those who would like to know more of this theory, Foy E. Wallace, Jr. in "God's Prophetic Word" Pages 386-450 is good. That the Anglo-Saxon race is the ten tribes of Israel is completely contrary to the history of the origin of that race. The Mormons make a similar claim, that the Americans Indians are the lost ten tribes.
Some Premillennialists believes Christ will go back to Heaven with the saved after the thousand years, some after a thousand and seven years. They believe the judgment will be after the Millennium, after the thousand years of the kingdom on earth, and the believers will go to Heaven and the lost will go to Hell.
There are some Premillennialists that believe Christ will rule from Heaven, but the kingdom of God will be on this earth.
"That the fleshly and sublunary state is not to terminate with the second coming of Christ, but to be then set up in a new form; when, with his glorified saints, the redeemer will reign in person on the throne of David at Jerusalem for a thousand years, over a world of men yet in the flesh, eating and drinking, planting and building, marrying and giving in marriage, under this mysterious way. This is Premillennialism, or - as the early fathers, and after them the reformers and our elder divines, termed it - Chiliasm...I have said, for example, that they expect the saints, in glorified bodies, to be associated with Christ in his Millennial reign; but what saints, is not agreed. The early chiliasts - so far as I have been able to gather their views - thought that those whom Christ will find alive at his coming would be left below during the thousand years, and only such as had died before his coming would appear with him in glory. A few in modern times are of the same opinion, postponing the change of the living saints till the end of the Millennium. But, the great majority of modern Premillennialists hold that the saints of both classes - the dead by resurrection, and the living in instantaneous transformation - will appear with Christ in glory at the beginning of the Millennium. Again, I have said they look for a reign over a world of men in flesh and blood; but what men, is not agreed. The moderns, for the most part, expect the restoration of the Jews to Palestine, and their supremacy over the nations of the earth: while the early chiliasts appear to have agreed with their opponents, that Christianity had forever abolished Jewish peculiarities; and though they were termed Judaizers, this was not, so far as I can observe, because they contended for any Millennial supremacy of Jew over Gentiles, but because their system Judaized Christianity itself. In a word, I have said they expect a reign upon earth of Christ and his glorified saints; but whether actually upon the earth, or only over and hovering above it, in the air, and whether visibly or invisibly - whether the ruled will see their rulers, and, if so, to what extent, whether fully or but partially, whether always or only at time - is by no means agreed." David Brown, "Christ's Second Coming: Will It Be Premillennial?" Pages 6-7, 1858.
But, other Premillennialists believes Christ will rule from Heaven but the kingdom of God will be on this earth. Some Premillennialists believes Christ will go back to Heaven with the saved after the thousand years. They believe the judgment will be after the Millennium, after the thousand years of the kingdom on earth, and the believers will go to Heaven and the lost will either go to Hell or be totally destroyed.
Many believes there will be a rapture in which the dead saints will be resurrected and both the living saints and the resurrected saints will be taken from the earth to be with Christ for seven years before the beginning of the thousand years.
There is a multitude of divisions in Millenialists with all the divisions saying all the others divisions are wrong, are changing the Bible.
Many believes there will be a seven-year rapture in which the dead saints will be resurrected and both, the living saints, and those who would have been resurrected will be taken from the earth to be with Christ for seven years. After reading many pages by those who believe in the "rapture," I am thoroughly convinced that on this they are the in the company of the most divided and confused people on earth. I think it would be difficult to find any two that believe the same thing. Below is a list of some of the major versions of the rapture, but within each of these versions most have their own view that is different in one or more ways then any of the others who say they believe the same view. The incompatibility of the many versions of the Millennium doctrines is, to say the least, amazing.
SOME OF THE SEVEN-YEAR RAPTURE VERSIONS
THE TRIBULATION PERIOD: Most think it is the 70th week of Daniel's 70 weeks in Daniel 9. There is little or no unity of teaching on what will happen in this "week." About all that most do agree on is that it will be a bad time to be on earth. Many see the nations that exist today, the U. S., Russia and others being in the tribulation. For years in the recent past Russia was seen to have a large part it in the tribulation, but now few see Russia in it. Every uprising or war and every natural disaster is seen as a sure sign that the Millennium is near only to be replaced by new ones when they become past history.
AFTER THE MILLENNIUM: Most, but not all, Millennialists believes Christ will forever be on earth and will rule in the "new Jerusalem." The earth will be restored to be as it was before Adam sinned. It seems few Millennialists believes anyone will be in Heaven, but at their funerals most have gone to Heaven to be with the others that have gone before them. Others believe mankind will forever be on the earth and no person will ever be in Heaven, but Christ will rule the earth from Heaven.
The basic views (in general) of Premillennialists
Premillennialism, the God who failed to be God, the God that was defected by man.
Through out this article, when I say, "Millennialists believe" it will be something that many of them do believe, but also something that some of them may not believe. There is such a disagreement among them that there is no part of Premillennialism that is believed by all.
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THE NATURE OF CHRIST
"We know that, when He appears, we shall be like Him, because we shall see His just as He is" [1 John 3:2]. Christ now, while He is at the right hand of God in Heaven has a spiritual body and this is how we will see Him when He returns. Not the nature He had when He had for about 33 years when He was in the image of Adam (an earthly body as Adam), but the nature He has now while He is at the right hand of God in Heaven. What Christ is like now is what He will be like "when He appears." The body He now has and will have at that time is basis to understand what we shall be after the resurrection.
The nature of Christ before He became flesh, the God who made all things and us.
"Then God said, 'Let Us make man in Our image" [Genesis 1:26].
"In the beginning was the word [Christ], and the word [Christ] was with God, and the word [Christ] was God. He [Christ] was in the beginning with God. All things came into being by Him [Christ], and apart from him [Christ] nothing came into being that has come into being. In Him [Christ] was life, and the life was the light of men...he [Christ] was in the world and the world was made through Him [Christ]...and the word [Christ] became flesh, and dwelled among us" [john 1:1-14].
John states three facts in such a simple way that a child could understand them and could not misunderstand that Christ is God.
Then he restates it so that no one could misunderstand what he had said.
Š "For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, that you through his poverty might become rich" [2 Corinthians 8:9]
His claim to being equal with God was even acknowledged by His enemies, but they called it blasphemy [John 5:17; 5:18; 8:58-59; 10:33-36]. If, as some Premillennialists tells us that Christ did not exist unto His birth, it would have been blasphemy and a sin to make Himself equal with God. Therefore, if He did not exist before His birth, He did blaspheme and He was a sinner just as we are and His death did not save us from our sins. But, some Premillennialists tell us that Christ did not exist unto His birth!!! Is there anyway God's word could say "the word" preexisted that they would believe? "The word" existed before time began.
1. "And now, glorify Me together with Yourself, Father, with the glory which I had with you before the world was" [John 17:5]. Christ existed with God before the world was made, long before He became a man.
2. And again Christ says, "I am the Alpha and the Omega, says the Lord God, who is and who was and who is to come, the almighty" [Revelation 1:8]. Jesus clearly says He is "the almighty."
3. "For by Him [Christ] all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers and authorities--all thing have been created by Him and for Him. And He is before all thing, and in Him all things hold together" [Colossians 1:16-17]. Jesus Christ is the Creator of the universe. Three things are here stated.
o (1) "For in Him were all things created"
§ All things "in the havens and upon the earth"
§ "Things visible and thing invisible"
§ "Whether thrones or dominions or principalities or power"
§ "All things have been created through Him, and for Him"
o (2) "And He is before all things"
o (3) "And in Him all things hold together"
4. Christ said, "I and the Father are one. The Jews took up stones again to stone Him. Jesus answered them, 'Many good works have I showed you from the Father; for which of those works do you stone Me'? The Jews answered him, 'For a good work we stone you not, but for blasphemy; and because that you, being a man, make Yourself God'" [John 10:30-33]. If Christ is not God, He is an impostor and a liar. The Jews did not understand Christ to be saying He was God's chosen one, as many Premillennialists say. Without any doubt, they understood Him to be saying He was God.
5. "A virgin shall conceive and bear a son and shall call his name Immanuel" [Isaiah 7:14]. Immanuel means "God with us." Matthew says, "Now all this is come to pass, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying, Behold, the virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Immanuel: which is, being interpreted, God with us" [Matthew 1:22-23].
6. "Looking for the blessed hope and the appearing of the glory of our great God and savior, Christ Jesus: who gave Himself for us" [Titus 2:13-14].
7. "Of our God and savior, Christ Jesus" [2 Peter 1:1 New American Standard Version].
8. "But of the Son he says 'Your throne, O God, is forever and ever'" [Hebrews 1:8].
9. "Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today, yes and forever" [Hebrews 13:8; also Hebrews 1:12; Psalm 102:25-27].
10. "Christ Jesus who, existing in the form of God, counted not the being on an equality with God a thing to be grasped" [Philippians 2:5-6].
11. Also, Revelation 10:6 and 14:6-7
Only God is to be worshiped. No man or angel is to be worshiped, but Christ is worshiped [Isaiah 45:21-23; Matthew 2:1; 14:33; 28:9; 28:17; Luke 24:51-52; John 9:37-38; Acts 7:59; 1 Corinthians 16:22; Philippians 2:11-11; 1 Timothy 1:12; Revelation 1:17; 5:8-14; many more]. If Christ were not God, but accepted or allowed Himself to be worshiped, He would be putting Himself in the place of God when He was only a man; it would have been blaspheming as the Jews frequently accused him of doing [Mark 2:6-8; John 5:18].
JESUS IS THE "I AM"
"Before Abraham was born, I AM" [John 8:58].
"But he said unto them, I AM, be not afraid" [John 6:20; Matthew 14:27; Mark 6:50]. "It is I" in many English translations, but "I AM" in the Greek. See Alfred Marshall "Parallel New Testament In Greek And English," Page 46.
Barnes Notes on the New Testament, Colossians 1:16. "He does not declare that he created all things in the spiritual kingdom of God, or that he arranged the events of the gospel dispensation...but that everything was created by him...There could not possibly be a more explicit declaration, the universe was created by Christ, than this. As if the simple declaration in the most comprehensive terms were not enough, the apostle goes into a specification of things existing in heaven and earth, and so varies the statement as if to prevent the possibility of mistake...There could not be a more positive declaration than this, that the universe was created by Christ; and if so, he is Divine. The work of creation is the exertion of the highest power to which we can form a conception, and is often appealed to in the Scriptures by God to prove that he is Divine, in contradistinction from idols...The assertion is, the 'creative' power of Christ was exerted on 'all things.' It is not in reference to angels only, or to man, or to Jews, or to Gentiles; it is in relation to 'everything in heaven and on earth.'"
Adam Clarke Commentary on Colossians 1:15-16: "Verse 15. Who is the image of the invisible God? The counterpart of God Almighty, and if the image of the invisible God, consequently, nothing that appeared in him could be that image; for if it could be visible in the Son, it could also be visible in the Father; but if the Father be invisible, consequently, his image in the Son must be invisible also. This is that form of God of which he divested himself; the ineffable glory in which he not only did not appear, as to its splendor and accompaniments, but concealed also its essential nature; that inaccessible light which no man, no created being, can possibly see. This was that Divine nature, the fullness of the Godhead bodily, which dwelled in him. The first-born of every creature. I suppose this phrase to mean the same as that, Philippians 2:9: God has given him a name which is above every name; he is as man at the head of all the creation of God; nor can he with any propriety be considered as a creature, having himself created all things, and existed before anything was made. If it be said that God created him first, and that he, by a delegated power from God, created all things, this is most flatly contradicted by the apostle's reasoning in the 16th and 17th verses. Colossians 1:16,17 As the Jews term Jehovah becoro shel olam, the first-born of all the world, or of all the creation, to signify his having created or produced all things; (see Wolfius in loc.) so Christ is here termed, and the words which follow in the 16th and 17th Colossians 1:16,17 verses are the proof of this. The phraseology is Jewish; and as they apply it to the supreme Being merely to denote his eternal preexistence, and to point him out as the cause of all things; it is most evident that St. Paul uses it in the same way, and illustrates his meaning in the following words, which would be absolutely absurd if we could suppose that by the former he intended to convey any idea of the inferiority of Jesus Christ. Verse 16. For by him were all things created, two verses contain parts of the same subject. I shall endeavor to distinguish the statements of the apostle, and reason from them in such a way as the premises shall appear to justify, without appealing to any other scripture in proof of the doctrine, which I suppose these verses to vindicate. Four things are here asserted: 1. That Jesus Christ is the Creator of the universe; of all things visible and invisible; of all things that had a beginning, whether they exist in time or in eternity. 2. That whatsoever was created was created FOR himself; that he was the sole end of his own work. 3. That he was prior to all creation, to all beings, whether in the visible or invisible world. 4. That he is the preserver and governor of all things; for by him all things consist. Now, allowing St. Paul to have understood the terms, which he used, he must have considered Jesus Christ as being truly and properly God. I. Creation is the proper work of an infinite, unlimited, and unoriginated Being; possessed of all perfection's in their highest degrees; capable of knowing, willing, and working infinitely, unlimitedly, and without control: and as creation signifies the production of being where all was absolute nonentity, so it necessarily implies that the Creator acted of and from himself; for as, previously to this creation, there was no being, consequently, he could not be actuated by any motive, reason, or impulse, without himself; which would argue there was some being to produce the motive or impulse, or to give the reason. Creation, therefore, is the work of him who is unoriginated, infinite, unlimited, and eternal. But, Jesus Christ is the Creator of all things, therefore, Jesus Christ must be, according to the plain construction of the apostle's words, truly and properly GOD. II. As, previously to creation, there was no being but God, consequently, the great First Cause must, in the exertion of his creative energy, have respect to himself alone; for he could no more have respect to that which had no existence, than he could be moved by nonexistence, to produce existence or creation. The Creator, therefore, must make everything FOR himself. Should it be objected that Christ created officially or by delegation, I answer: This is impossible; for, as creation requires absolute and unlimited power, or omnipotence, there can be but one Creator; because it is impossible that there can be two or more Omnipotents, Infinities, or Eternals. It is therefore, evident that creation cannot be effected officially, or by delegation, for this would imply a Being conferring the office, and delegating such power; and that the Being to whom it was delegated was a dependent Being; consequently, not unoriginated and eternal; but this the nature of creation proves to be absurd. 1. The thing being impossible in itself, because no limited being could produce a work that necessarily requires omnipotence. 2. It is impossible, because, if omnipotence be delegated, he to whom it is delegated had it not before, and he who delegates it ceases to have it, and consequently ceases to be GOD; and the other to whom it was delegated becomes God, because such attributes as those with which he is supposed to be invested are essential to the nature of God. On this supposition God ceases to exist, though infinite and eternal, and another not naturally infinite and eternal becomes such; and thus, an infinite and eternal Being ceases to exist, and another infinite and eternal Being is produced in time, and has a beginning, which is absurd. Therefore, as Christ is the Creator, he did not create by delegation, or in any official way. Again, if he had created by delegation or officially, it would have been for that Being who gave him that office, and delegated to him the requisite power; but the text says that all things were made BY him and FOR him, which is a demonstration that the apostle understood Jesus Christ to be truly and essentially God. III. As all creation necessarily exists in time, and had a commencement, and there was an infinite duration in which it did not exist, whatever was before or prior to that must be no part of creation; and the Being who existed prior to creation, and before all things-all existence of every kind, must be the unoriginated and eternal God: but St. Paul says, Jesus Christ was before all things; ergo, the apostle conceived Jesus Christ to be truly and essentially God. IV. As every effect depends upon its cause, and cannot exist without it; so creation, which is an effect of the power and skill of the Creator, can only exist and be preserved by a continuance of that energy that first gave it being. Hence, God, as the Preserver, is as necessary to the continuance of all things, as God the Creator was to their original production. But, this preserving or continuing power is here ascribed to Christ, for the apostle says, And by him do all things consist; for as all being was derived from him as its cause, so all being must subsist by him, as the effect subsists by and through its cause. This is another proof that the apostle considered Jesus Christ to be truly and properly God, as he attributes to him the preservation of all created things, which property of preservation belongs to God alone; ergo, Jesus Christ is, according to the plain obvious meaning of every expression in this text, truly, properly, independently, and essentially God. Such are the reasonings to which the simple letter of these two verses necessarily leads me. I own it is possible that I may have misapprehended this awful subject, for humanum est errare et nescire; but I am not conscious of the slightest intentional flaw in the argument. Taking, therefore, the apostle as an uninspired man, giving his own view of the Author of the Christian religion, it appears, beyond all controversy, that himself believed Christ Jesus to be God; but considering him as writing under the inspiration of the Holy Ghost, then we have, from the plain grammatical meaning of the words which he has used, the fullest demonstration (for the Spirit of God cannot lie) that he who died for our sins and rose again for our justification, and in whose blood we have redemption, was GOD over all. And as God alone can give salvation to men, and God only can remit sin; hence with the strictest propriety we are commanded to believe on the Lord Jesus, with the assurance that we shall be saved. Glory be to God for this unspeakable gift!"
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CHRIST IN THE OLD TESTAMENT
Luke 24:46: "And He said unto them, THUS, IT IS WRITTEN, THAT THE CHRIST SHOULD SUFFER AND RISE AGAIN FROM THE DEAD THE THIRD DAY." HOW COULD THE DEATH AND RESURRECTION OF CHRIST ON THE THIRD DAY BE WRITTEN WHEN PREMILLENNIALISTS TELL US THAT NOT EVEN GOD KNEW ABOUT THE REJECTION AND DEATH OF CHRIST? YET, CHRIST SPEAKS OF IT REPEATEDLY AND REPEATEDLY SAYS IT WAS WRITTEN. GOD, CHRIST AND THE PROPHETS DID KNOW, WHICH MAKES NOT POSSIBLE THE CLAIM OF PREMILLENNIALISTS THAT GOD DID INTEND TO RESTORE THE KINGDOM TO ISRAEL AT THE FIRST COMING OF CHRIST BUT AGAINST HIS WILL GOD HAD TO PUT IT OFF BECAUSE THE JEWS REJECTED HIM AND PUT HIM TO DEATH. There are many prophecies about Christ in the Old Testament. Prophecies about:
1. The birth of Christ. Genesis 3:15; Galatians 4:4
2. The lineage of Christ. Genesis 49:10; Luke 3:33
3. Christ was the prophet to come. Deuteronomy 18:15-19; Acts 3:20-22
4. The betrayal of Christ. Psalm 41:9; Luke 22:47-48
5. Christ being sold for thirty pieces of silver. Zechariah 11:11-12; Matthew 26:15; 27:1-10
6. The death of Christ. Zechariah 12:10; John 10:27
7. The resurrection of Christ. Psalm 16:10; Luke 14:7 Acts 2:25-28
8. Christ would be a priest and king to the church, not to Israel, not the king of only one earthly nation for only the lifetime of one person. Psalm 110:4; Hebrews 5:5-6
It is repeatedly said the prophets knew beforehand and wrote of the suffering, death and resurrection of Christ, yet Millennialists say not so, not God or the prophets knew. "For I delivered unto your first of all that which also I received: that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; and that He was buried; and that He has been raised on the third day according to the scriptures" [1 Corinthians 15:3-4]. The scriptures Paul was speaking of was the Old Testament scriptures. How was the death, burial and resurrection of Jesus "according to the scriptures" if not even God foreknow about it?
Psalm 22:1; 16-18: "My God, my God, why have You forsaken me...They pierced My hands and My feet...They divide My garments among them, and for My clothing they cast lots." Psalm 69:21: "They also give Me gall for My food, and for My thirst they give Me vinegar to drink."
Psalm 2: "Why do the nations rage, and the peoples meditate a vain thing? The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against Jehovah, and against his anointed, saying, let us break their bonds asunder, and cast away their cords from us. He that sits in the heavens will laugh: The Lord will have them in derision. Then will he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure: yet I have set my king upon my holy hill of Zion. I will tell of the decree: Jehovah said unto me, You are my son; This day have I begotten you. Ask of me, and I will give you the nations (footnote: Gentiles) for your inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for your possession."
1. Acts 4:24-25 quotes this Psalm and applied it to the first coming of Christ.
2. Acts 13:33 applied it to the resurrection of Christ, not to His second coming and the Millennium.
3. Hebrews 1:5 and  Hebrews 5:5 both quote Psalm 2:7 as having been fulfilled. Verse 8 shows the worldwide nature of the Kingdom of Heaven, all who will believe.
Isaiah 7:14: "Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel (God with us)." "Now all this is come to pass, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying, behold, the virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Immanuel (God with us)" [Matthew 2:22-23: Luke 1:26-35].
Isaiah 9:6-7: "For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder; and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, mighty God, everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and of peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to establish it, and to uphold it with righteousness from henceforth, even forever."
Isaiah 53: "Who has believed our message? And to whom has the arm of Jehovah been revealed? For he grew up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he has no form nor comeliness; and when we see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him. He was despised, and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and as one from whom men hide their face he was despised; and we esteemed him not. Surely he has borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows; yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned everyone to his own way; and Jehovah has laid on him the iniquity of us all. He was oppressed, yet when he was afflicted he opened not his mouth; as a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and as a sheep that before its shearer is dumb, so he opened not his mouth. By oppression and judgment he was taken away; and as for his generation, who among them considered that he was cut off out of the land of the living for the transgression of my people to whom the stroke was due? And they made his grave with the wicked, and with a rich man in his death; although he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth. Yet, it pleased Jehovah to bruise him; he has put him to grief: when you shall make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of Jehovah shall prosper in his hand. He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by the knowledge of himself shall my righteous servant justify many; and he shall bear their iniquities. Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he poured out his soul unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors: yet he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors." This chapter of Isaiah is a death blow to the Millennium teaching that Christ was to restore the kingdom to Israel, but because the Jews rejected Christ and put Him to death, restoring Israel and the kingdom was put off unto the second coming. It is quoted and applied to Jesus as being fulfilled in Christ by six people in the New Testament.
1. By the apostle John in John 12:38
2. By the apostle Paul in Romans 10:16
3. By the apostle Matthew in Matthew 8:17
4. By the apostle Peter in 1 Peter 2:22
5. By Philip in Acts 8:32-38
6. By Luke in Luke 22:37
Millennialists tell us that Christ came to establish a temporal kingdom of Israel but did not establish it because the Jews rejected him, but He will establish it when He comes a second time. YET, THEY TELL US CHRIST WAS REJECTED BECAUSE HE DID NOT ESTABLISH THE TEMPORAL KINGDOM OF ISRAEL HE CAME TO ESTABLISH, WHICH WAS THE VERY KIND OF KINGDOM THE JEWS WERE LOOKING FOR. Which way was it? It could not be both ways. According to Millennialists, He came to establish the kind of kingdom they were looking for and wanted, but they rejected Him because of it. If He came to establish the kingdom of Israel the Jews were looking for, why did they reject Him? Premillennialists now teach the same error the Jews believed, that the Christ was to set up an earthly kingdom of Jews. If Christ were just a man, as many Millennialists tell us he was, would the kingdom He set up of Jews has lasted any longer then the kingdom David set up? What would have happened to the kingdom after His death? The Jews would have had an earthly kingdom, but what would have happened to each Jew after his or her death? If the Jews had not rejected Christ, He would not have been put to death. If Christ had not been resurrected, there would be no resurrection for anyone, no resurrection for Jew or Gentile. Did salvation and eternal life come because of something God did not foresee?
1 Corinthians 10:3-4: "And did all eat the same spiritual food; and did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drink of a spiritual rock that followed them: and the rock was Christ." "The Christ" footnote in American Standard Version. "The Anointed One" in the Christian Bible. Or as most Premillennialists would say, "The Messiah." The point Paul was making is that the Corinthians thought that the relationship they had with God was guaranteed because they believed Christ and He would look out for them, but he points out to them that the Jews had the very same privileges, that Christ was looking out for them, but many of them fell in the wilderness for God was not pleased with them. This clearly shows the preexistence of "the Messiah," and that the Messiah (Christ) accompanied the Jews all through the forty years in the wilderness. "We must not put Christ to the test, as some of them did, and were destroyed by serpents" [1 Corinthians 10:9 New Revised Standard Version]. "Nor let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted" [New King James Version]. Verse 9, "Neither let us tempt Christ."
Adam Clarke: "Christ: this was the Rock that followed them, and ministered to them; and this view of the subject is rendered more probably by what is said 1 Corinthians 10:9, that they tempted Christ, and were destroyed by serpents...that Christ is intended by the spiritual rock that followed them: and that it was he, not the rock, that did follow or accompany the Israelites in the wilderness. This was the angel of God's presence who was with the Church in the wilderness, to whom our fathers would not obey, as St. Stephen says, Acts 7:38,39...And this affords no mean proof that the person who is called Yehovah in the Old Testament, is called Christ in the New. By tempting Christ is meant disbelieving the providence and goodness of God; and presuming to prescribe to him how he should send them the necessary supplies, and of what kind they should be." Notes on 1 Corinthians 10:1-9.
Isaiah 6:1-10; John 12:41: "Jesus" in John 12:41 is the "Jehovah" of Isaiah 6:1-10. Albert Barnes says, "In the prophecy, Isaiah is said expressly to have seen Jehovah, Ver. 1, and in ver. 5: 'Mine eyes have seen the king, Jehovah of hosts.' By his glory is meant the manifestation of him, the shechinah, or visible cloud that was a representation to God, and that rested over the mercy-seat. This was regarded as equivalent to seeing God; and John here expressly applies this to the Lord Jesus Christ. For he is not affirming that the people did not believe in God, but is assigning the reason why they believe not on Jesus Christ as the Messiah. The whole discourse and illustration has respect to the Lord Jesus, and the natural construction of the passage requires us to refer it to him. John affirms that it was the glory of Messiah that Isaiah saw, and yet Isaiah affirms that it was Jehovah. And from this, the inference if irresistible that John regarded Jesus as the Jehovah, whom Isaiah saw. The name Jehovah is never in the Scriptures applied to a man, or an angel, or to any creature. It is the peculiar, incommunicable name of God. So great was the reverence of the Jews for that name that they would not even pronounce it. This passage is, therefore, conclusive proof that Christ is equal with the Father" Barnes' Notes on John 12:41. Adam Clarke says, "It appears evident from this passage, that the glory which the prophet saw was the glory of Jehovah; John, therefore, saying here that it was the glory of Jesus, shows that he considered Jesus to be Jehovah."
Isaiah 11:10: "And it shall come to pass in that day, that the root of Jesse that stands for an ensign of the people, unto Him shall the Gentiles seek; and his resting place shall be glorious." Romans 15:12: "And again, Isaiah says, 'There shall be the root of Jesse, and he that arises to rule over the Gentiles; on him shall the Gentiles hope.'" It is now when Christ is ruling over both Jews and Gentiles in the church that Isaiah said the Gentiles shall seek Him, therefore, God knew long before about both the rejection of Christ and about the church.
Isaiah 40:3: "The voice of one that cries, 'Prepare you in the wilderness the way of Jehovah; make level in the desert a highway for our God.'" In both Matthew 3:3 and Mark 1:3, John the Baptist says this was spoken of Jesus; therefore, Jesus is the Jehovah and God of Isaiah 40:3.
Psalm 45:6; Psalm 102 - Hebrews 1:6-12: "And let all the angels of God worship Him...but of the Son he says 'Your throne, O God, is forever and ever.'" Would God command the angels to worship someone who was just a man, just a created being, when throughout the Bible we are taught not to worship a man or any created being or thing? The fact that God said worship Him and He is called "God" in both the Greek and the Hebrew (Psalm 45:6) prove that He is not a created being. But, the writer of Hebrews does not stop. Speaking of Jesus he says, "You Lord, in the beginning did lay the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the works of your hand: they shall perish; but you continue: and they all shall wax old a does a garment: and as a mantle shall you roll them up, as a garment, and they shall be changed; but you are the same, and your years shall not fail" (A quotation from Psalm 102:25-27). A clear statement that Christ made everything that has been made, and that He is eternal. Psalm 102 is a prayer to God; in it God is praised (see verse one). It is addressed to Jehovah, "But You, O Jehovah, will abide forever; And Your memorial name to all generations" [102:12 American Standard Version]. "For He has looked down from the height of his sanctuary; from heaven did Jehovah behold the earth" [102:19]. "I said, O My God, take me not away in the midst of my days: your years are throughout all generations. Of old you did lay the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the work of your hands. They shall perish, but you shall endure; Yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a garment shall you change them, and they shall be changed: but you are the same, and your years shall have no end" [Psalm 102:24-27]. The earth came from nothing and will go back to nothing, but God remains the same. We learn from the writer of Hebrews that this is speaking of the Lord Jesus. He is speaking of Jesus the Son of the Father [Hebrews 1:1-14]. In Hebrews 1:10-12 he quotes Psalm 102:25-27 and applied it to Christ. "And You, Lord, in the beginning did lay the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the works of your hands: they shall perish; but you continues: and they all shall wax old as does a garment: and as a mantle shall you roll them up, as a garment, and they shall be changed: but you are the same, and your years shall not fail" [Hebrews 1:10-12]. The Hebrew writer takes this prayer, which is a prayer to God and applied it to Christ. If Christ were just a created being, this would be blasphemy.
Psalm 110 - Matthew 22:43-44: "What think you of the Christ? Whose son is he? They say unto him, the son of David. He said unto them, How then does David in the spirit call him Lord, saying, 'The Lord said unto my Lord, set you on my right hand, till I put your enemies underneath your feet?" The question is how can the Christ be both David's Lord and David's son. They believed the Christ would be born of the seed of David and reign over them. How then could He be David's Lord when He would be born long after the death of David? They could not answer Him. Those that believe Christ did not preexist before His birth must answer the question the Pharisees could not answer; the question that made them not dare ask Him any more questions [Matthew 22:46]. Neither can anyone that believes Christ did not preexist before His birth answer it.
Isaiah 40:3: "A voice is calling, 'Clear the way for the Lord in the wilderness; make smooth in the desert a highway for our God.'" Both Matthew and Mark say this was spoken about John the Baptist who came to prepare the way for Jesus ("a highway for our God") [Matthew 3:3; Mark 1:3].
Micah 5:2: "From you One will go forth for Me to be ruler in Israel. His goings forth are from long ago, from the days of eternity" New American Standard Bible. ["Have been from of old, from everlasting" King James Version]. Christ existed from eternity, not as Millennialists say, "Only from His birth."
"THE ANGEL OF JEHOVAH"
"The angel of Jehovah" appeared frequently in the Old Testament, and is called, "angel of Jehovah," "Jehovah," and "God." He possesses characteristics that can only belong to deity, and he accepted worship, which created angels did not [Revelation 22:8-9]. He is called "God" or "Jehovah" a number of times, see Genesis 16:7-13, 22:11-18; 31:13; 48:14; Exodus 3:2-22; [Joshua 5:13-15 and Judges 6:13-24] Judges 2:1-3; Zechariah 3:11; [Genesis 32:30 and Hosea 12:4-5].
The Angel of Jehovah appeared to Hagar:
The Angel of Jehovah appeared to Abraham:
The Angel of Jehovah appeared to Jacob:
The Angel of Jehovah appeared to Moses:
The Angel of Jehovah appeared to Joshua:
The Angel of Jehovah appeared to Judah when under the leadership of Joshua:
1. "The angel of Jehovah...said, I made you to go up out of Egypt, and have brought you unto the land which I swore unto your fathers" [Judges 2:1]. Exodus 20:2 says, "I am Jehovah your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt."
2. "The angel of Jehovah...said... I will never break my covenant with you." In Leviticus 26:44-45 it is Jehovah who said He will never break HIS covenant He made with their ancestors.
3. The angel of Jehovah said, "I will not drive them out from before you; but they shall be as thorns in your sides, and their gods shall be a snare unto you." But in Joshua 23:13 it was Jehovah that said He would not drive them out and they would be a snare and a thorn to them. The three persons in the Godhead are one God. “The angel of Jehovah" is one of the Godhead, therefore, is God.
The Angel of Jehovah appeared to Gideon:
The Angel of Jehovah appeared to Muons wife:
Jesus said, "Before Abraham was born, I AM" [John 8:58]. "The origin and meaning of the name Jehovah are especially brought out in relation to Israel. When Moses at the burning bush says to God: 'Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them, The Elohim of your fathers has sent me unto you; and they shall say unto me, What is his name? What shall I say unto them?' And the Lord said to Moses, 'I am that I am.' The words could be rendered, 'I will be that I will be,' and often the word is used in that sense, 'I will be with thee.' Its origin is exactly the same as that of Jehovah--being, existence--and certainly denotes the One who will always be: personal, continuous, absolute existence" Nathan J. Stone, "Names of God," page 20. In Exodus 3:13-15 "The angel of Jehovah" says he is "I am that I am." Most conservative Bible scholars agree that the angel of Jehovah that is used often in the Old Testament is Christ.
There are other passages where the Angel of Jehovah is found, but these are more than enough to show Christ was working throughout the Old Testament. See Judges 13:1-22; Genesis 48:15-16; 32:28; 32:24; Exodus 23:20-21; 32:34; Isaiah 63:8-9. The angel of Jehovah is God, but He is distinguished from God the father, yet they are one God.
WHO IS TO BE WORSHIPPED?
The Bible clearly teaches that idolatry is a sin. It may be the most condemned sin in the Bible. The word of God is clear that only God is to be worshiped. Not other gods, idols, nothing in His creation, images, saints, angels, or Satan [Matthew 4:10]. Yet the Angel of Jehovah accepted worship, which created angels did not [Revelation 22:8-9]. Christ is worshipped through out the New Testament by many with no rebuked.
"Worthy is the Lamb that has been slain to receive the power, and riches, and wisdom, and might and honor, and glory, and blessing. And every created thing which is in the heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and on the sea, and all things are in them, heard I saying, Unto him that sits on the throne, and unto the Lamb, be the blessing, and the honor, and the glory, and the dominion, forever and ever. And the four living creatures said, Amen. And the elders fell down and worshipped " [Revelation 5:12-14].
The Bible is clear in it's teaching that only God is to be worshipped [Exodus 34:14; Psalm 81:9; 97:7; Isaiah 42:8; 48:11; Matthew 4:10; Luke 4:8; Revelation 19:10]. Jesus is worshipped. If He is not deity, to worship Him would be a sin and His accepting worship would make Him a sinner. If Millennialists were right when they teach He is not deity, the New Testament must be thrown out for it is a fraud, and Christ must be completely rejected. "Thus says Jehovah, the King of Israel, and his Redeemer, Jehovah of hosts; I am the first, and the last; and besides me there is no God." Isaiah 44:6 is quoted and applied to Christ in Revelation 1:17.
THE OLD AND NEW COVENANTS
"Behold, the days come, says Jehovah, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt...But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after these days, says Jehovah: I will put my law in their inward parts, and in their heart will I write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people: and they shall teach no more every man his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, Know Jehovah: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, says Jehovah: for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin will I remember no more"[Jeremiah 31:31-34]. It was Jehovah that said He would take away the first. The writer of Hebrews applied this to Christ. "Then said I. Lo, I am come (In the roll of the book it is written of me) To do your will, O God. Saying above, Sacrifices and offering and whole burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin you would not, neither had pleasure therein (the which are offered according to the law), then has He [Christ] said, Lo, I am come to do your will. He [Christ] takes away the first, that He [Christ] may establish the second. By which will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all"[Hebrews 9:7-18]. It was Christ that took away the first covenant. A man could not take away a covenant made by God. "We have such a high priest, [Christ]...But now has he [Christ] obtained a ministry the more excellent, by so much as He [Christ] is also the mediator of a better covenant, which has been enacted upon better promises. For if the first covenant had been faultless, then would no place have been sought for a second. For finding fault with them, He [Christ] says, behold, the days come, says the Lord, that I [Christ] will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah; not according to the covenant that I [Christ] made with their fathers in the day that I [Christ] took them by the hand to lead them forth out of the land of Egypt; for they continued not in my covenant, and I [Christ] regarded them not, says the Lord. For this is the covenant that I [Christ] will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the Lord; I [Christ] will put my laws into their mind, and on their heart also will I [Christ] write them: and I [Christ] will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people" [Hebrews 8:1-13]. "For where a testament (covenant) is, there must of necessity be the death of him that made it" [Hebrews 9:16]. It was by His death that the Lord made the covenant we are now under. "Lo, I [Christ] am come to do your will. He [Christ] takes away the first, that He [Christ] may establish the second. By which will [covenant] we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. And every priest indeed stands day by day ministering and offering often times the same sacrifices, the which can never take away sins; but He [Christ], when He [Christ] had offered one sacrifice for sins forever, sat down on the right hand of God" [Hebrews 10:9-13]. It was Christ (called "Jehovah" in Jeremiah 31:31-34) that took away the first covenant and made a new covenant. No man or angel could have taken the first covenant away, and no man of angel could make a new covenant for us. Jesus and God is one God. "I and the Father are one" [John 10:30]. "That they may be one, even as we are...that they may all be one; even as you, father, are in me, and I in you...that they may be one, even as we are one" [John 17:11-22]. We may not be able to understand the mystery of how one God is made up of three persons, but the Bible clearly teaches that the three are one. Nor can we understand the great mystery of how a husband and wife are one flesh [Ephesians 5:31-32].
TWO JEHOVAH'S IN ONE VERSE
"Thus says (first) Jehovah, the King of Israel, and his Redeemer, (second) Jehovah of Hosts; I am the first, and the last; and besides me there is no God (first and second Jehovah together)" [Isaiah 44:6]. "And besides me there is no God" is applied to both Jehovah's.
In the New Testament, God the Father calls the Son "God." "But of the Son [Christ] He [God the Farther] says, Your throne, O God [Christ], is forever and ever" [Hebrews 1:8; Psalm 45:6]. In this passage, God the Father calls Christ "God."
A few Premillennialists may believe in the preexistence and deity of Christ, but the predominate belief among them is that He did not exist before His birth. They have denied that Christ is now or ever have been equal with God and denied that Christ had any part in making the earth and man. With them, Satan has won. They have denied Christ.
1. If Jesus is not God, all that worship Him are idolaters.
2. If Jesus is God, all that say He was just a good man, just the man that was chosen by God over all other man, have they not denied the Christ? Is Premillennial doctrines not Antichrist?
o Any person who worships a man as if He were God, is an idolater and blasphemer
o Any person who denies the Christ is Antichrist [1 John 2:22-23].
o Both are a sin that will bring death to those who believe and teach it? Is there anyway that the one that is such a sinner as either of the two would be to be acceptable to God?
o If one person can believe Christ is God and another person believes Christ to be only a man, a created being, and both are acceptable to God; is there anything that any person can believe and not be acceptable to God; or is there anything that a person does not believe that will make him or her not be acceptable to God?
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CHRIST AS REVILED IN THE NEW TESTAMENT
"Behold, the virgin shall be with child, and shall bear a Son, and they shall call His name Immanuel, which translated means, 'God with us'" [Matthew 1:23; Isaiah 7:14; 9:6].
"And Jesus seeing their faith said unto the sick of the palsy, Son, your sins are forgiven. But there were certain of the scribes sitting there, and reasoning in their hearts, Why does this man thus speak? He blasphemes: who can forgive sins but one, even God?" [Mark 2:5-7].
"For this cause; therefore, the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only brake the Sabbath, but also called God his own father, making Himself equal with God" [John 5:18].
"But the man from whom the demons were gone out prayed him that he might be with him: but he sent him away, saying, Return to your house, and declare how great things GOD has done for you. And he went his way, publishing throughout the whole city how great things JESUS had done for him" [Luke 8:28-39].
"Christ Jesus: who, existing in the form of God, counted not the being on an equality with God a thing to be grasped, but emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of man; and being found in fashion as a man. And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross" [Philippians 2:5-8].
"Looking for the blessed hope and appearing of the glory of the great God and our Savior Jesus Christ" [Titus 2:13].
"But of the Son he says Your throne, O God, is forever and ever" [Hebrews 1:8]
"By the righteousness of our God and Savior, Jesus Christ" [2 Peter 1:1]
Jesus said unto John, "I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is a thirst of the fountain of water of life freely. He that over comes shall inherit these things: and I will be his God, and he shall be my son" [Revelation 21:6-7].
"And He is the image of the invisible God, the first-born of all creation. For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities; all things have been created by Him and for Him. And He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together" [Colossians 1:15-17]. This passage tells up four things about Jesus.
1. Jesus is one with the Father. "And He is the image of the invisible God." Also Hebrews 1:3.
2. Jesus created all things in the heavens and on earth. "For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities; All things have been created by Him and for Him." "By faith we understand that the worlds have been framed by the word of God so that what is seen has not been made out of things which appear" [Hebrews 11:3]. Also, Psalm 33:9; 148:5.
3. Jesus was before all things in Heaven and on Earth. "And He is before all things."
4. Jesus upholds the universe. "In Him all things hold together." Jesus is "upholding all things by the word of his power" [Hebrews 1:3].
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JESUS AS REVILED IN JOHN'S GOSPEL
THE PERSON WHO CAME FROM GOD AND RETURNED TO GOD
The theme of John's Gospel is Jesus who is God, was with God before the world was, came from God, made eternal life available to man, and went back to God. One cannot believe this Gospel and believe the view of many Millennialists that Jesus was just a man and did not exist before His birth.
Jesus the word was in the beginning with God - Jesus, the word, was God- He made all thing.
Existed before Abraham was born
Equal with God - one with God
Jesus is the only begotten God
Jesus made himself out to be God
Jesus has life in Himself
Jesus the bread of life-the power to give and sustain life and raise the dead
Jesus was sent by God from Heaven - has seen God
Jesus came down out of Heaven - descended from Heaven
Jesus ascending back to Heaven where He was before
Jesus going to Heaven to prepare a place of us in Heaven
"In My Father's house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you to Myself, that where I am, there you may be also" [John 14:2-3].
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JESUS AS REVILED IN HEBREWS
"God, after He spoke long ago to the fathers in the prophets in many portions and in many ways, in these last days has spoken to us in His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through [through Christ] whom also He made the world. And He [Christ] is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power...You, Lord, (Jesus) in the beginning did lay the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the works of Your hands; they will perish, but You remain; and they all will become old as a garment, and as a mantle, You will roll them up; as a garment they will also be changed. But, You are the same, and Your years will not come to an end" [Hebrews 1:1-12].
It is clear that the writer of Hebrews thought Christ was more than just a man. In Hebrews Christ is:
Š Greater than the angels [Hebrews 1:7]
Š His throne (kingdom) is forever and ever [Hebrews 1:8]
Š Christ made the earth and the heavens [Hebrews 1:10; Psalm 102:25-27]
Š The earth and the heavens shall come to an end, but Christ will continue [Hebrews 1:11-12]
Š Christ upholds all things by the power of His word [Hebrews 1:3]
Š Christ is the very image of God's substance [Hebrews 1:3]
Š Brought the power of the devil to nothing by His death [Hebrews 2:4]
Š Christ is over His house, and we (the church) are His house [Hebrews 3:6]
Š He is our great high priest who has passed through the heavens [Hebrews 4:14]
Š He is the author of eternal salvation to all that obeys Him [Hebrews 5:9]
Š He is a priest "after the power of an endless life" [Hebrews 7:16]
Š He "abides forever" and is able to save them that come to Him [Hebrews 7:25-26]
Š He is the mediator of a better covenant [Hebrews 8:6]
Š He is high priest of the good thing to come, a greater and more perfect tabernacle not made with man's hands, not of this creation (not of this earth) [Hebrews 9:11]
Š He entered into Heaven [Hebrews 9:24]
Š Through Christ we receive a kingdom that cannot be shaken [Hebrews 12:28]
Š "Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today, and forever" [Hebrews 13:8]
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THE NATURE OF CHRIST
WHEN HE "BECAME FLESH, AND DWELLED AMONG US" [John 1:14]
(1) Jesus Christ, the God who became man
(2) Jesus Christ, the God who died my death for my sin
THE NATURE OF CHRIST NOW AND FOR ALL ETERNITY
(1) Jesus Christ, the God who lives
THE CHRIST JOHN SAW
In Revelation 1:12-18 John sees a vision of Christ. John, who had been with Christ for three and a half years, saw "The Lord of Glory." The glory, the awesomeness of the grandeur was so overpowering that John was so awe struck by His glory that John "fell at His feet as a dead man." John saw Christ in His glory as He is now, not as John had seen Him when He was "like His brethren in all things" [Hebrews 2:17].
1. John had seen Him on earth when He was "like His brethren in all things" [Hebrews 2:17].
2. John sees a vision of Christ in the grandeur He now has in Heaven [Revelation 1:12-18].
WHAT KIND OF BODY DOES CHRIST NOW HAVE?
"The first man was of earth, formed from dust, the second is from heaven" [1 Corinthians 15:47 The New American Bible].
1. "The first man Adam became a living soul (psukee)" [1 Corinthians 15:45]. Nehphesh in Old Testament, psukee in New Testament. A living breathing being of this earth.
o Adam was "that which is natural" Verse 46.
§ Adam was "of the earth, earthy" Verse 47.
§ "As we have borne the image of the earthy" Verse 49 Which is "A natural body" Verse 44.
2. "The last Adam became a life-giving spirit" [1 Corinthians 15:45].
o Christ is "that which is spiritual" Verse 46.
o Christ is "of heaven" Verse 47.
§ "We shall also bear the image of the heavenly" Verse 49 Which is a "spiritual body" Verse 44.
Ephesians 1:20-23 "Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and made him to sit his right hand in the heavenly places, far above all rule, and authority, and power, and dominion, and every name that is named."
A red warning flag: In the thousands of web pages and the many books I have read, I have found that most who use "God's Messiah," "God's anointed one," "Yahweh," or some of the other names they use in the place of Christ Jesus most always give Him a lower place than "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in he beginning with God. All things were made through Him; and without Him was not anything made that has been made" [John 1:1-3]. Some make Christ be not much more than a glorified man. Many make Him be a created being, not the creator. A few teach that Satan was at one time God's number one created being, but when he sinned and was cast out of Heaven, Christ took his place. Most make Him be something more than a man as he is now but less than God. There are some who use names like "God's Messiah" to make Christ be less than He "who, existing in the form of God, counted not the being on an equality with God a thing to be grasped" [Philippians 2:6-11]. Much of the writing by Premillennialists writers are unclear and hard to understand, most likely because there are many versions of the Premillennialists doctrines, but if I understand them, many of them do not believe Christ has always existed or that He is equal with God. They seem to be saying that He came into being at His birth and is now only temporary in Heaven, and that when He returns to earth, He will always be on earth with a body of this earth.
Note: "Messiah" is a Biblical name. Christ is the Greek translation of Messiah [John 1:41], but look out when something like "God's anointed one," "Yahweh," or "God's Messiah" is used. This writer believes the Premillennialists belief to be one of, if not the most Antichrist teaching in the world, but their Antichrist teaching is being done in the name of God and in a way that will make many believe they are hearing the truth about Christ; that He is not God, but just a man. Satan does not care if you believe Christ is the greatest man that ever lived and that He is the most chosen man by God, just as long as you believe He is just a man for then you have denied the Christ, therefore, you belong to Satan, not to God. Those who believe this Antichrist teaching cannot obey the gospel; they have rejected Jesus and made Him into a man. No man could save us from the wages of our sin, death. To deny Christ is to take away all hope of eternal life. If you believe the view of Christ, which many Premillennialists have, Satan has won the victory. It does not matter that you believe any other part of the Bible for Satan has won. You will have denied Christ. "But there arose false prophets also among the people, as among you also there shall be false teachers, who shall secretly bring in destructive heresies, denying even the master that bought them, bringing upon themselves swift destruction" [2 Peter 2:1]. Premillennialists make the Christ that bought them with His blood that they may have life to be only a man.
Paul often used "Lord" ["Kurios" in the Greek is translated from "Yahweh - Jehovah" in the Hebrew]. In the Old Testament Yahweh - Jehovah was one who had no beginning, one who has always existed.
"Premillennialism is no barren speculation - useless though true, and innocuous though false. It is a school of Scripture interpretation; in impinges upon and affects some of the most commanding points of the Christian faith; and, when suffered to work its unimpeded way, it stops not till it has pervaded with it own genius the entire system of one's theology, and the whole tone of his spiritual character, constructing, I had almost said, a world of its own...he yet sees things through a medium of his own, and finds every thing instinct with the life which this doctrine has generated with him" David Brown, "Christ's Second Coming" Page 8, 1858.
THE PREMILLENNIAL TEACHING ABOUT CHRIST, FROM GOD OR SATAN?
There are divisions in the Millennium beliefs. Most Premillennialists believe it was prophesied that Christ was to set up an earthly kingdom on the throne of David and reign from Jerusalem, but because the Jews rejected Him the establishment of the kingdom was put off unto after His second coming and the church was established instead. They believe the Jews will be restored, and the temple rebuilt and temple worship restored.
Some Premillennialists believe Christ did not exist unto His birth. Other Premillennialists believe Christ existed equal with God before His birth, but He was raised a man and He is now a man at the right hand of God and will be a man when He returns to rule the earth and will forever be a man.
Some Premillennialists believe Christ, who they do not call Christ, but "God's Messiah" will rule the earth from Jerusalem on the throne of David, and that the body we now have will live forever on this earth, and some that we will have the same the body that we now have but that it will be changed in such a way that it is not really the body we now have and the earth will not really be the earth that we now live on but a new earth.
To many, to put this body off and put on a new "spiritual body," and move from the earth that they know, to a place they know nothing about what it is like is a scaring and frightening thing. This version of Premillennialists beliefs say no, you can keep the body you now have but it will be greatly improved. It will not have any of the bad things that many bodies now have, and it will live forever on this earth that you know, but it will be a greatly improved earth. Satan says you can have all this; all you have to do is to believe Christ is just a man, greater than any other man, but still just a man who had no preexistence before His birth.
You cannot believe the view of many Millennialists on the preexistence and deity of Christ. They deny that Christ is now or ever have been equal with God. Many deny that Christ had any part in making the earth and man. Not only must the preexistence and deity of Christ be denied, but many versions of Premillennial doctrines are also dependence of the earthly body being raised and existing forever. "Flesh and blood" must inherit the kingdom of God. Though some Premillennialists changes the body and also changes the earth; they say the earthly body that will be resurrected will be changed to such an extent that no one now would know their own body and the earth changed to such an extent that no one would know it to be the same earth, yet they say this body we now have must be raised and live forever in the kingdom of God on this earth. With some, the change of the body or the change of the earth does not seem to be as great as it is with others, but it must be this earthly body of flesh and blood. Without it, the whole of Premillennial order falls. What body we will have in the resurrection is discussed in "Unconditional Immortality Or Resurrection Of The Dead" by William Robert West, ISBN: 0-7414-4620-0.
What a person thinks about Jesus affects: (1) Whether or not they should worship Him as God, whether they should trust and obey Him. (2) Whether or not a person who does not believe in the divinity of Jesus is a Christian or not a Christian. "What we think about Jesus Christ affects not only questions surrounding the subsistence of the Godhead, but it also delves into entirely relevant issues, such as whether or not one should trust, obey and worship Christ as God, the nature and efficacy of His atoning offices, as well as what constitutes a Church and what are its rites. He who believes in the divinity Jesus Christ is Christian; he who does not, (whatever his profession), is a mere Desist. Without the Divinity, the Bible is, 'the drama of Hamlet, with the part of Hamlet omitted.'"
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THE NATURE OF MAN
(1) The nature of man from creation to the resurrection.
(2) The nature of man [those who are not in Christ] after the judgment. This is discussed in another chapter of this book on "The Second Death."
(3) The nature of man [those who are in Christ] for all eternity after the resurrection. "For our citizenship is in heaven, from which (from Heaven) also we eagerly wait for a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ; who will transform the body of our humble state (This earthly body of flesh and blood, which "cannot inherit the kingdom of God" will not be an earthly body) into conformity with the body of His glory" (It will be transformed into conformity with the body Jesus now has in Heaven) [Philippians 3:20-21]. Just as we now have the right bodies for this earth, we will have the right bodies for Heaven. The bodies we now have will be transformed to be like His glorious body now is. The resurrected body Christ had for the forty days He was on earth after His resurrection is sometime read into this passage, but it says nothing about Christ in the forty days before His ascension, but Christ now in Heaven where our citizenship is, that we will be transformed from this earthly body, "the body of our humble state into conformity with the body of His glory," the glory Christ now has in Heaven, the glory He had before He became a man, the glory Christ was speaking of in John 17:5 "And now, Father, glorify me with your own self with the glory which I had with you before the world was."
One of the favorite questions of those who do not believe the saved will be in Heaven is, "An eternity in heaven doing what?" Turn this question around and it is, "An eternity on earth doing what?" We are not told what we will be doing in Heaven, therefore, cannot know. The God that could make both Heaven and earth will have something for us to do. We may ask, "What are the angles doing and what will they be doing for all eternity?" Heaven is much greater then the earth, therefore, there will be much more to do in Heaven than on earth. Though it is asked often, there is no point to the question. What do they think they are proving by it? This ("An eternity in heaven doing what?") is an argument that is made when the person making it has no scriptural argument. It is an argument made entirely from human wisdom, not from the Bible.
A new body, not the same body that was put into the earth at death, not a renewed or restored earthly body like Adam. "But someone will say, 'How are the dead raised? And with what kind of body do they come?' You fool! That you sow, you do not sow the body which is to be, but a bare grain, perhaps of wheat or of something else. But, God gives it a body just as He wished...So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown a perishable body, it is raised an imperishable body; it is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory, it is sown in weakness, it is raised in power; it is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body" [1 Corinthians 15:35-44]. The body of Adam was a natural body from the day God made him. He had a body made from the earth and for life on earth, not a spiritual body. Now in this lifetime we are like Adam, a natural body made from this earth. We are now in the image of Adam, an earthly being, which is "a living soul." "If there is a natural body (A body of this earth in the image of Adam), there is also a spiritual body (A body not of this earth, not in the image of Adam before or after he sinned)" [1 Corinthians 15:44]. "So also it is written, 'The first man, Adam, became a living soul.'" (Adam became "a living soul" with his first breath, not after his sin. He was "a living soul" from his first breath unto his last breath. His sin did not change his being "a living soul." "So also it is written" in Genesis 2:7 where "soul" is from "nehphesh" and is used four times in chapter one where it is speaking of animals being living souls before the same word is applied to Adam.) "The last Adam became a life-giving spirit. However, the spiritual is not first, but the natural, then the spiritual. The first man is from the earth, earthy; the second man is from heaven. As is the earthy, so also are those who are earthy; and as is the heavenly, so also are those who are heavenly. And just as we have borne the image of the earthy, (Adam) we shall also bear the image of the heavenly (Christ)." Just as we now bear the image of Adam, now have a natural body (a body of flesh and blood), we shall bear the image of the heavenly (Christ - a spiritual body). Most that believe in any of the many variations of Premillennial beliefs is that Christ will have a flesh and blood body and that he will establish the Kingdom of Heaven on this earth and rule the world from Jerusalem. They believe both Christ and all the saved will be on this earth for all eternity and will have a flesh and blood body in the image of Adam, which will be restored to be like Adam before he sinned. How could God have said any clearer that we will not have a natural (earthly, flesh and blood) body in the image of Adam, but that we will have a spiritual body in the image of the heavenly. If, as many Premillennialists teach, Christ will have the same body Adam had before he sinned, why will the image of one (Adam) that we now have, be changed to the image of the other (Christ)? How can those who believe the Premillennial doctrine believe this passage? Do they "wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction" [2 Peter 3:16]? Will Christ say to them, "But in vain do they worship me, teaching as their doctrines the precepts of men"? [Matthew 15:9]. "Now I say this, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God: (Adam was flesh and blood "a living soul" both before and after he sinned. If we were restored to be "a living soul" like Adam before he sinned, we would be flesh and blood and not be able to inherit the kingdom of God if it were on this earth or if it were in Heaven) nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable. (This earthly body is the perishable that shall not inherit the imperishable). Behold, I tell you a mystery; we shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, (The perishable image of Adam "a living soul" will be changed to the imperishable image of Christ, a "spiritual body") in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet; for the trumpet will sound, and the dead be raised imperishable, and we shall be changed (not restored). For this perishable ("a living soul") must put on the imperishable, and this mortal (another way of saying the same thing that this mortal "a living soul" which is the image of Adam from his first breath to his last, from the day he was created a flesh and blood being, from before he sinned unto his death) must put on immortality" [1 Corinthians 15:45-54]. This mortal flesh and blood perishable "living being" that is the image of Adam must be changed to an immortal imperishable spiritual body in the image of Christ. How could this one passage not be a death blow to the Premillennialists beliefs?
"HOW ARE THE DEAD RAISED?
AND WITH WHAT MANNER OF BODY DO THEY COME?"
Six comparisons that shows clearly and beyond any doubt that the resurrection body, the body that will come out of the grave, will be "changed" to a spiritual body and will not be this earthly body which we now have.
The body (in the image of Adam) is but a bare grain of the body that shall be (the image of the heavenly) [1 Corinthians 15:36-37].
MANY MANSIONS IN MY FATHER'S HOUSE "IN MY FATHER'S HOUSE ("Who is in Heaven" Matthew 5:16; 5:45; 5:48; 6:1; 6:9; 7:21; 10:32,3: and many more) are many mansions...I go to prepare a place for you. (Where did Christ go to prepare a place for us? In the mansions in my Father's house in Heaven) For it was not David who ascended into heaven, but himself says: The Lord said to my Lord, 'sit at My right hand, until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet'" [acts 2:34-35]. "And if I go and prepare a place for you (a place in My Father's house in Heaven), I come again, and will receive you unto Myself, that where I am there you may also be" (with Me in the place I go to prepare for you in my Father's house in Heaven) [John 14:1-3]. "But now I go unto him (unto my Father who is in Heaven that sent me") "The word (Christ who was with the Father in the beginning and has always been like God, a heavenly being) became flesh, and dwelled among us" (John 1:14) [John 16:5]. He is no longer flesh, but has now gone back to Heaven to prepare a place for the saved and will come back for them. "He who overcomes, I will grant to him to sit down with Me on My throne, as I also overcame and sat down with My Father on His throne"[Revelation 3:21]. Christ is now on His Father's throne in Heaven where He went to prepare a place of us in His Father's house. I was told by a Premillennialists friend, "Jesus is now in heaven 'drawing up the plans,' to coin a phrase, of the 'new heavens and the new earth' in what has and will be called the 'kingdom of God,' with Messiah as its King. Jesus is right now, along with God his Father, preparing (John 14) the kingdom government complexities and jurisdictions and so on." A person who has a friend that wants to go to school in Tampa says to his friend, "My father has a house with many rooms; I will go and prepare a place for you." Did he mean he as going to his father's house in Tampa and draw up plains for a house and come back and build it for him in New York? Of course not, everyone would understand that he was going to prepare a place in his father's house, not to draw up plans and come back to earth to build it. Christ went to prepare a place in His Father’s house, not cut off a part of it, and bring the part back to earth. My friend is not willing to accept a clear and plain statement for it would make his belief not possible. It is clear that Christ said He was going to prepare us a place in his Father's house, not that He was going away to draw up plains for a place on earth for us. This is a very weak try to evade this passage. Christ promises a future life with Him in Heaven, nothing is said about an eternal kingdom on an eternal earth.
PREMILLENNIALISTS MAKE THREE CHANGES. "In my Father's house are many mansions" [John 14:2]. This is present tense. The mansions were in his Father's house when Christ was speaking. Christ said in my Father's house there are many mansions, not there will be many mansions on earth after Christ comes back and makes them when He makes a kingdom of this earth.
1. Premillennialists change from present tense to future tense.
2. Premillennialists change from many mansions in His Father's house to an earthly kingdom on this earth.
3. Premillennialists change from preparing a place in His father's house to drawing up plains for a house on earth that is not yet built.
o Their reply is that God "Calls those things which are not as though they were? (Romans 4:17), that God calls things which are not yet in existence as though they were already?" It is true, that God does speak of some things as though they now exist. Eternal life is one of them. We will not have eternal life unto after the resurrection, but it is so sure for those who are in Christ that the Bible speaks of it as if the Christian now has eternal life [Compare 1 John 2:25 and 1 John 511-20]. But, it is clearly evident that Christ was not speaking of something that did not exist as though it already existed for His Father’s house did exist at that time.
AN INHERITANCE...RESERVED IN HEAVEN FOR US. "Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to his great mercy begat us again unto a living hope, by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, unto an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fades not away, reserved in Heaven for you" [1 Peter 1:3-4]. It is it reserved in the place where Christ went to prepare it for us, "in my Father's house," in Heaven. If it were reserved in Heaven, it would do us no good if the saved will live forever on the earth and never get to Heaven. I think Peter knew more about where it is at than anyone does today.
OUR TREASURES ARE IN HEAVEN. "But lay up for yourselves treasures in Heaven, where neither moth nor rust does consume, and where thieves do not break through nor steal: for where your treasure is, there will your heart be also" [Matthew 6:20-21]. Where are our treasures and heart to be? In the same place Christ went to prepare us a place and the same place where our inheritance is, in Heaven, not on earth. My Premillennialists friend above also said to me, "'Our citizenship is in heaven' right now, but just because it is up in heaven right now doesn't mean that is where we finally go to get it! It is like our retirement is in the bank, but we are not going to retire at the bank, but the money will come out of the bank for us to retire (enjoy) somewhere else." Who would have thought Heaven is a bank? Will our heart also "come out of the bank"?
OUR CITIZENSHIP IS IN HEAVEN "For our citizenship is in heaven, whence also we wait for a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ: who shall fashion anew the body of our humiliation, that it may be conformed to the body of his glory" [Philippians 3:20-21]. If our citizenship is in Heaven, as long as we are on this earth we are aliens and if we remained on earth we would always be aliens.
OUR HOPE IS IN HEAVEN "Of the hope laid up for you in Heaven" [Colossians 1:5 New American Standard Version].
SEEK THE THINGS ABOVE WHERE CHRIST IS "If then you have been raised up with Christ, keep seeking the things above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God. Set your mind on the things above, not on the things that are on earth. For you have died and you life is hidden with Christ in God; when Christ, who is our life, is revealed, then you also will be revealed with Him in glory" [Colossians 2:1-4]. Seek the things that are where Christ has gone to prepare a place for us. A restored earth is not the thing above where Christ is, not the things Paul said to seek.
AN ETERNAL BUILDING IN THE HEAVENS. "For our light affliction, which is for the moment, works for us more and more exceedingly an eternal weight of glory; while we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen: for the things which are seen are temporal; (Is not this earth seen) but the things, which are not seen, are eternal. For we know that if the earthly house of our tabernacle (Our body) be dissolved (Not our bodies restored), we have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal, in the heavens" [2 Corinthians 4:17-5:2].
1. Christ went to prepare us a place in His Fathers many mansions [John 14:1-3].
2. Our inheritance is reserved in Heaven for us [1 Peter 1:3-4].
3. Our treasures are in Heaven [Matthew 6:20-21].
4. Our citizenship is in Heaven [Philippians 3:20-21].
5. Our hope in Heaven [Colossians 1:5].
6. "We have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal, in the heavens" [2 Corinthians 4:17-5:2].
7. "Keep seeking the things above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God" [Colossians 2:1-4].
8. Christ will deliver the kingdom up to God [1 Corinthians 15:24-26].
Yet, I am told there is not one passage in the Bible that says we will be in Heaven; that we live on this earth in a body with flesh and bones!!! Did not Paul say, "Now this I say, brethren, that FLESH AND BLOOD CANNOT INHERIT THE KINGDOM OF GOD" [1 Corinthians 15:50-54]? "Now this I say, brethren, that FLESH AND BLOOD CANNOT INHERIT THE KINGDOM OF GOD; (Our bodies in the image of Adam made for this earth is not suitable) neither do corruption inherit incorruption (Our bodies in the image of Adam is corruptible and cannot inherit in the heavenly realm). Behold, I tell you a mystery: We all shall not sleep (Shall not die), but we shall all be changed (All that are asleep when Christ comes and all that are alive), in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible (In the heavenly image of Christ, not in the corruptible image of Adam which they had when they died). For this corruptible must put on incorruption, (This earthly body in the image of Adam must put on incorruption, a spiritual body in the image of Christ. Adam never had a spiritual body before or after he ate.), and this mortal must put on immortality (This mortal body which is the body we now have must be changed to an immortal spiritual body which will not be the body of this earth which we now have). But, when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall come to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory" [1 Corinthians 15:50-54]. "We that are alive, that are left unto the coming of the Lord, shall in no wise precede them that are fallen asleep. For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven (From the place where God is), with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God; and the dead in Christ shall rise first; then we that are alive, that are left, shall together with them be caught up in the clouds (To meet Him in the air and will have a body not of this earth) to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall ever be with the Lord" [1 Thessalonians 4:16-17]. "Beloved, now we are children of God, and it has not appeared as yet what we shall be. We know that, when He appears, we shall be like Him because we shall see His just as He is" [1 John 3:2]. We know what the image of Adam is for we now have it. His image was flush and blood both before and after he sins, and we know that we now have his image, a body of flesh and blood, but we do not now know what the spiritual body in the image of Christ will be like.
"Flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God" [1 Corinthians 15:50]. If, as they teach, the kingdom of God will be the earth restored to be as it were before Adam sinned, Adam was flesh and blood before he sinned, therefore, if he were restored to his sinless state, he would still be flesh and blood and could not "inherit the kingdom of God" If Israel were restored to be like it was in the time of David, the Jews would still be "flesh and blood" and could not inherit the "kingdom of God." They would also still die of old age, not have eternal life, and their Messiah would have been just as human as was David and he would have also lied of old age even if the Jews had not put him to death.
Some have reversed the Bible.
THE EARTH WILL PERISH "You, Lord, in the beginning did lay the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the works of your hands; they will perish, but You will remain" [Hebrews 1:10]. "Will perish" does not mean they will be remade to be like before Adam's sin. "Will perish" and "Will remain" are opposite to each other, not the same. The earth will perish, come to an end, but Christ will remain. The question is, how could Christ forever rule the church on this earth if this earth is going to perish, and how could Christ and the church remain after the earth has perished?
WILL BE LIKE ANGELS "The sons of this age marry nor are given in marriage, but those who are considered worthy to attain to that age (The age to come. Not all will be worthy to attain to it) and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, not are given in marriage; for neither can they die any more, for they are like angels and are sons of God, being sons of the resurrection" [Luke 20:34-36]. Like the angels, they will have a body suitable for that age. Not earthly being and will no longer have a flesh and body in the image of Adam made for this earth, but a spiritual body in the image of Christ. Angels have never had an earthly body in the image of Adam. When we are like them, how could we have earthly bodies with flesh and bones? That it is spiritual bodies that will be like angels is shown by the fact that they neither marry nor are given in marriage. Adam was made of the earth and had a flesh and blood body and Eve were made from his body before their sin, they never had a spiritual body or bodies like the angels had long before this earth was made. To have a body like Adam before he sinned would be to have a flesh and blood body and be male and female. It would be nothing like the Angels. Both God and angels are spirits [John 4:24, Hebrews 1:14] and God created angels as spiritual being jest as He is, but not equal to Himself. Christians, while living on this earth, are (1) not immortal, (2) not deathless, (3) not spirits.
A MAN IS "FOR A LITTLE WHILE LOWER THAN THE ANGELS." "What are human beings that you are mindful of them, or mortals, that you care for them? You have made them for a little while lower than the angels; you have crowned them with glory and honor, subjection all things under their feet. Now in subjecting all things to them, God left nothing outside their control. As it is, we do not yet see everything in subjection to them, but we do see Jesus, who, for a little while was made lower than the angels, now crowned with glory and honor because of the suffering of death, so that by the grace of God he might taste death for everyone" [Hebrews 2:5-8 New Revised Standard Version]. Mankind is now mortal, and we do not now see our self as we will be, immortal, but we do see Christ who was in the beginning with God [John 1:1] and was immortal, who far a little while was made to be a man, mortal and lower than the angels, but we now see Him immortal with the Father who is in Heaven.
The author of Hebrews says of Christ, who was immortal from all eternity, "Since then the children share in flesh and blood, He Himself likewise also partook of the same, that through death He ...Therefore, He had to be made like His brethren in all things" [Hebrews 2:14-17]. He was lower than the angels "for a short while," but will never be again. He will never again have the earthly image of Adam before or after Adam's sin. We will never have Adam's image after the resurrection.
WHERE IS GOD? AT HIS SECOND COMING CHRIST WILL DELIVER THE KINGDOM UP TO GOD. The kingdom, the church to which God adds the saved [Acts 2:47], The church is the body of Christ [Ephesians 1:22]. "For even as we have many members in one body...so we, who are many, are one body in Christ" [Romans 12:4-5]. "Now you are the body of Christ, and severally members thereof" [1 Corinthians 12:27]. The family of God in which all the saved are a member; God the father, Christ the son, those in Christ are the children and heirs of God, "But you received the spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abbe, Father. The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit, that we are children of God: and if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ." "For in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive. But, each in his own order: Christ the first fruits, then they are Christ's at his coming. Then comes the end (After His second coming) when He shall deliver up the kingdom to God (To God who is in Heaven, not on earth)...for He (Christ) must reign (In the Kingdom where He is now reigning), till He has put all His enemies under His feet. The last enemy that shall be abolished is death" (At His second coming) [1 Corinthians 15:23-26]. Note: In an attempt to prove that the kingdom will not be delivered up to God after the Judgment, but that it will be established on the earth after the coming of Christ some point out that the "up" is not in some translations and not in some Greek manuscripts. Even without the "up," there is no way to get around the fact that this passage says the kingdom will be delivered by the Son to God the Father, and I know of no one who does not believe the Father is in Heaven, not on earth. Not delivered by the Son to earth from God, but delivered (up) by the Son from earth to the Father who is in Heaven. It does not say the kingdom will be established on the earth after the Judgment. Which way is up? Which way is Heaven from the Earth? Up is used in this passage in the same way as, "I give up," or "Deliver up the goods." Not as a direction. Christ will at a time yet to come deliver the kingdom to God who is in Heaven.
WE NOW BEAR THE IMAGE OF THE EARTHLY - WE SHALL BEAR THE IMAGE OF THE HEAVENLY. "And just as we have borne the image of the earthly, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly" (Not the flesh and blood image of Adam before or after he sinned, not an earthly body, not a body of dust) [1 Corinthians 15:48].
2 Corinthians 4:16-18; 5:1
"For our citizenship is in heaven, from which also we wait for a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ; who will transform the body of our humble state into conformity with the body of His glory" [Philippians 3:20-21].
"For we know that if the earthly house of our tabernacle be dissolved, we have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal, in the heavens" [2 Corinthians 5:1 American Standard Version]. "For we know that if the earthly tent we live in is destroyed" [New Revised Standard Version]. Could it be said any clearer that our earthly bodies will be dissolved just as "the elements shall be dissolved with fervent heat, and the earth and the works that are there in shall be burned up" [2 Peter 3:10].
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WHAT BODY DOES CHRIST NOW HAVE IN HEAVEN?
PRE HUMAN, BEFORE HE BECAME MAN
“God is a spirit” [John 4:24] and “a spirit has not flesh and bones as you see me having” [Luke 24:39]. Before Christ became man He did not have flesh and bones just as God or the Holy Spirit does not have. “And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of his nature” [Hebrews 1:3; 2 Corinthians 4:4; Colossians 1:15]. Are God, Christ and the Holy Spirit immaterial? If you mean by immaterial that God has no substance, that He is just thin air nothing, then He is not immaterial. What ever materials Heaven is made of we cannot at this time know, but it is greater by far then the substance the earth is made of, just as the spiritual bodies of all heavenly beings are greater than earthy beings. God, angels, and heaven all has substance (materials of some kind but not earthly substance) just as we will have when we put off the earthy bodies, and put on the spiritual bodies will have bodies that have substance, but not earthly substance.
For only about 33 years Christ had a human body like our body that He did not have before. “Christ Jesus, who, although He existed in the form of God, did not regard equality with God a thing to be grasped, but emptied Himself, taking the form of bond-servant, and being make in the likeness of man. And being found in appearance as a man” [Philippians 2:5-8]. “And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us” [John 1:14]. After His resurrection it was necessary that He be seen just He was before His death for those who had been with Him to know that He was resurrected, even with the nail scars in His hands; if as some teach that after His resurrection Christ had a glorified physical body and will always have that body, then the glorified body with have all the same imperfections for eternally that it had before it was glorified. If He now has a physical body He could not be omnipresent for His physical body could only be in one place. The body of Christ not being the same earthly body He had before His death is based on His being able to appear and entering a locked room, but before His death Christ did the same kind of things, “Then took they up stones to cast at him: but Jesus hid himself, and went out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by” [John 8:59 King James Version]. He walked on water and when He was received into the boat “immediately the boat was at the land to which they were going” [John 6:16-21]. The next day “they found Him on the other side of the sea, they said to Him, ‘Rabbi, when did You get here?’” [John 6:25]. How did Philip get to Azotus? “The Spirit of the Lord snatched Philip away; and the eunuch saw him no more…Philip found himself at Azotus” [Acts 8:30-40].
Post human, after He was received up into Heaven [Acts 1:11].
Just before His death He prayed, “And now, Father, glorify me with the glory which I had with you before the world was” [John 17:5]. “God highly exalted Him, and bestowed on Him the name which is above every name” [Philippians 2:9-11].
“And by common confession great is the mystery of godliness:
He who was revealed in the flesh,
Was vindicated in the Spirit,
Beheld by angels,
Proclaimed among the nations,
Believed on in the world,
Taken up in glory” [1 Timothy 3:16]
Christ said, “I am the Alpha and the Omega, says the Lord God who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty” [Revelation 1:8]. There is nothing in the New Testament about Christ having a human body when He returns or about Him being forever on this earth.
WHAT BODY WILL THE SAVED HAVE?
“And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly (Christ). Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither does corruption inherit incorruption. Behold, I tell you a mystery: We all shall not sleep, but we shall all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed…this mortal must put on immortality” [1 Corinthians 15:49-55; 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17]. “Beloved, now are we children of God, and it is not yet made manifest what we shall be. We know that, if he shall be manifested, we shall be like him; for we shall see him even as he is” [1 John 3:2]. We know what our earthly bodies are like and that Christ had the same earthly body but when He comes a second time it has not yet been make known to us what He will be like. We know that He is a spirit just as God and the Holy Spirit, “And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly. Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God” [1 Corinthians 15:49-50]. “For our citizenship is in heaven, from which also we eagerly wait for a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ; who will transform the body of our humble state into conformity with the body of His glory” [Philippians 3:20-21]. Our earthly bodies that are now in the image of Adam that will not be resurrected with eternal earthly bodies in the image of Adam before he sinned but our bodies will be resurrected transformed into the heavenly image of Christ, bodies that will be suitable for life in heaven where our citizenship is.
Š Sown a natural body - Raised a spiritual body 1 Corinthians 15:44
Š We have the image of earthly - Will have the image of the Heavenly 1 Corinthians 15:49
Š This corruption – must put on incorruption 1 Cor. 15:42-43
Š Sown in dishonor - raised in glory 1 Corinthians 15:43
Š Sown in weakness – raised in power 1 Corinthians 15:43
Š Flesh and blood - cannot inherit the kingdom of God 1 Corinthians 15:49-50
Š This mortal – shall put on immortality 1 Corinthians 15:54
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WAS THE DEATH AND RESURRECTION OF CHRIST FOREKNOWN BY GOD?
IS THE KINGDOM TO BE SET UP IN THE FUTURE
HAS IT EXISTED FROM THE DAY OF PENTECOST?
Millennialists tell us that the rejection of Christ by the Jews was not foreknown about by God, therefore was not known about by the prophets in the Old Testament; that it was a surprise to God. That God planned to restore Israel and Christ was to rule the world on the throne of David in Jerusalem, but because of the unexpected rejection of Christ the church was set up as a substitution unto the millennium. In the Premillennial theory there is nowhere for the death and crucifixion of Christ for if the kingdom has been restored to Israel as they say God planned it to be, there would have been no death and no resurrection of Christ. According to them we are now in the church age or "gap" that was unknown about by God before the death of Christ. If it can be clearly shown that
 The death, the resurrection, and ascension of Christ were repeatedly told about in the Old Testament
 That the New Covenant and the church were known about by God
 That Christ is now king on the throne of David, then the Premillennial doctrine is false.
MANY DETAILS OF THE DEATH OF CHRIST FORETOLD IN THE OLD TESTAMENT
Isaiah 53 gives such a detailed description of the trail and death of Christ that it could be an eyewitness’ account and yet many Premillennialists tell us God was surprised by the rejection of Christ and that the Old Testament prophets did not know it about.
Isaiah foretold the death of Christ, which makes the millennium theory an impossibility. Their theory is that Christ came to set up an earthly kingdom over Israel, but that God did not know Israel would reject Christ, it came as a surprise to God but because Christ was rejected by the Jews the church was set up only as a substitute unto Christ comes back and sets up the kingdom. The Jews made God plan not work by rejecting Christ and putting Him to death and God did not even know they were going to. Therefore, according to many Premillennialists, the death of Christ could not have been known about or told about in the Old Testament for god would not have known Israel would reject Christ as their king and would not have known He was going to set up the church in the place of the kingdom. The church could not have been told about in the Old Testament because at that time God did not know He would have to set up the church as a substitute.
1. How Christ must suffer.
2. That Christ would be resurrected from the dead (If He had been made King as the Premillennialists say God planned, He would not have been dead, therefore, not resurrected from the dead).
1. "Concerning which salvation the prophets sought and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you: searching what time or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did point unto, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glories that should follow them. To whom it was revealed that not unto themselves, but unto you, did they minister these things, which now have been announced unto you through them that preached the gospel unto you by the Holy Spirit sent forth from heaven; which things angels desire to look into" [1 Peter 12:9-10]. It would be strange if the prophets would have prophesied of the grace that came unto us if they wanted to look into a time that they know nothing of, and that it was just set up as a substitution by God because He failed to set up the kingdom that the prophets did know of. How could they have prophesied of this grace that the Millennialists tell us that even God did not know about it when the prophets were prophesying?
2. The New Covenant foretold in the Old Testament. "Behold, the days come, says the Lord, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Judah; not according to the covenant that I make with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to lead them forth out of the land of Egypt; for they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, says the Lord. For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and on their heart also will I write them: and I will be to them a God and they shall be to me a people: and they shall not teach every man his fellow-citizen, and every man his brother, saying, know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest of them. For I will be merciful to their iniquities, and their sins will I remember no more" [Jeremiah 31:31-34 as quoted in Hebrews 8:8-13]. The theme of Hebrews is a comparison of the old and new covenants showing that the new is better then the old. In Hebrews 8:6-8, "A better covenant," "a second," and "a new covenant" are used interchangeable. "But now has he obtained a ministry the more excellent, by so much as he is also the mediator of a better covenant, which has been enacted upon better promises. For if that First Covenant had been faultless, then would no place have been sought or a second. For finding fault with them, he says, behold, the days come, say the Lord, that I will make a New Covenant with the house of Israel."
"And to Jesus the mediator of a New Covenant" [Hebrews 12:24].
"He takes away the first, that he may establish the second" [Hebrews 10:9].
"And for this cause he is the mediator of a New Covenant, that a death having taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the First Covenant, they that have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance" [Hebrews 9:15].
"But through his own blood, entered in once for all into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption" [Hebrews 9:12]. "Apart from shedding of blood there is no remission...but now once at the end of the ages has he been manifested to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself" [Hebrews 9:22-26]. There is not a Millennium age after this age. "For this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many unto remission of sins" [Matthew 26:28].
John the Baptist Malachi 3:1-Matthew 11:10 "This is he, of whom it is written, behold, I send my messenger before your face, who shall prepare your way before you" Also Malachi 4:5, Matthew 11:14; 17:10-13.
REJECTION AND DEATH OF CHRIST
WERE DEFINITELY NOT A SURPRISE TO GOD
According to most Millennialists, God was going to restore the throne of David and Christ was to rule on it, but because the Jews rejected Christ, the church, which was not foreseen or planned by God, was set up to fill in the "gap" in the 70th week. God knew about the rejection of Christ. It was not a surprise to Him. The "gap" theory is pure fictions. How can anyone read Acts 2:23 and say God did not know the Jews were going to reject Christ, and God did not know that Christ would be put to death by them?
If God had not known about the rejection and death of Christ, God or no one could not have known about the resurrection of Christ. David did know that Christ would be in the grave and be resurrected out of it TO SET ON HIS THRONE AFTER THE DEATH AND RESURRECTION OF THE CHRIST. Acts 2:31:
Summary: The Premillennialists gospel.
"But even though we, or an angel from heaven, should preach to you a gospel contrary to that which we have preached to you, let him be accursed" [Galatians 1:8].
Luke 24:46: "It is written, that the Christ should suffer, and rise again from the dead the third day." If God or none of the prophets knew about the death of Christ, who wrote of it and where? Also, Matthew 16:21; 17:23; 20:19; Mark 9:31; 10:34; Luke 9:22; 18:33; 24:7. Does this sound like God was surprised by the rejection of Christ? How could His death and resurrection have been prophesied in such detail if His rejection were a surprise to God? If Christ had become king and sit on David's throne, as the Premillennialists teach, the Jews would not have put Him to death, He would not have shed His blood, Premillennialists teaching would make salvation not possible for anyone. If Christ had not been rejected and crucified by the Jews, but He had set up a Jewish Kingdom at that time, as Millennialists tell us it was the plan of God to restore Israel at that time, but the Jews overruled God in His attempt to set up an earthly kingdom of Jews. The rejection and death of Christ were not a surprise to God; it was something He planned before He made the earth. It was never planned for Christ to set up an earthly kingdom of Jews without dying for the sins of the world.
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KINGDOM OF HEAVEN OR KINGDOM OF GOD
Dispensationalists teach the Kingdom of God, and the Kingdom of Heaven are entirely different kingdoms. They believe the Kingdom of Heaven was to be the Old Testament kingdom of David restored, but was postponed to the Millennium after the Jews rejected Christ as their king. That the two are synonymous is proved by the interchangeable use in parallel passages in the Gospels.
Matthew used "kingdom of Heaven," "kingdom of God," and "My Father's kingdom," but Mark, Luke, John and the rest of the New Testament used "kingdom of God." Millennialists make a distinction in the kingdom of Heaven and the kingdom of God.
The Lord's Supper is in "My Father's kingdom" [Matthew 26:29], in "the kingdom of God" [Mark 14:25]. In the kingdom of Christ, the kingdom the Father granted to Christ [Luke 29-30]. It is in the church, which is His kingdom [1 Corinthians 11:21-22]. It is eaten on the first day of the week in the assembly of the church [Acts 20:7].
The new birth puts one in the kingdom [John 3:5]. If there is no kingdom now, there is no new birth. If there is a new birth now, there is a kingdom now. "But when they believed Philip preaching the thing concerning the kingdom of God, and the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized" [Acts 8:12]. The new birth, being born of the water and the spirit, now puts a person in the kingdom/church.
Many Millennialists teach that Christ first planned to set up the kingdom of God but later when He saw He was being rejected by the Jews set up the kingdom of God as a substitute unto He came a second time to set up the kingdom of Heaven; they overlook the fact that Mark used "kingdom of God" in the very beginning of his Gospel [Mark 1:14] as did Luke and John [Luke 4:43; John 3:3]. They did not use "kingdom of God" and later change to "kingdom of Heaven" after Christ saw that He would not be able to set up the kingdom of God.
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WAS THE CHURCH PLANNED BY GOD OR JUST AN AFTERTHOUGHT?
"To the intent that now unto the principalities and the powers in the heavenly places might be made known through the church the manifold wisdom of God, according to the eternal purpose which He purposed in Christ Jesus our Lord" [Ephesians 3:10-11]. The church, which was purchased with the blood of Jesus [Acts 20:28], was in the plan of God from the beginning. If the church were only an afterthought and not known about in the Old Testament, how is it "according to the eternal purpose which He (God) purposed in Christ Jesus"? Was Paul wrong? Millennialists say yes, Paul was wrong, the church is only an afterthought and was not in the eternal purpose of God.
The Scofield Bible says, "The Church, corporately, is not in the vision of the O. T. prophet." Premillennialists teach that the Old Testament prophecies of the kingdom say a literal Kingdom will someday be set up in Jerusalem, but the New Testament applied the kingdom prophecies to the Church [Acts 15: 12-17 - Amos 9:11-12; Ephesians 2:10-22; John 20:10-21; Mark 14:58; 2 Corinthians 6:16- Ezekiel 37:27; Matthew 16:18 - Zechariah 6:12-13; 1 Corinthians 3:11; 3:16-16; Ephesians 2:20]. In the New Testament the terms temple, Mount Zion, the Israel of God and the New Jerusalem are applied to the church.
When preaching the first sermon after the resurrection of Christ, Peter says, "This is that which has been spoken through the prophet Joel" [Acts 2:16]. "Yes, and all the prophets from Samuel and them that followed after, as many as have spoken, they also told of these days" [Acts 3:24].
THE CHURCH KNOWN ABOUT AND FORETOLD IN THE OLD TESTAMENT
Premillennialists tell us that God planed to set up the kingdom when Christ was on earth, but because of His rejection by the Jews, the kingdom was put off and the church, which was unseen by the prophecy of the Old Testament, was a substitution unto Christ comes a second time and sets up the kingdom. If they were right, the church was not "in accordance with the eternal purpose which He carried out in Christ Jesus our Lord." Why did Paul say it was? "To bring to light what is the administration of the mystery which for ages has been hidden in God, who created all things; in order that the manifold wisdom of God might now be made known through the church to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly places. This was in accordance with the eternal purpose which He carried out in Christ Jesus our Lord" [Ephesians 3:9-11]. Is there anyway God could have said any plainer that the church was not just an afterthought; that the church was not just an accident that came about because God was unable to foresee that the Jews were going to reject Christ?
"The Holy Spirit has made you overseers, to shepherd the church of God which He purchased with His own blood" [Acts 20:28]. If it had been as the Millennialists say God planed it to be, Christ would not have been put to death, He would not have purchased the church with His blood, He would not have died our death, and we would still have our sins. How do they think we could be saved if the Jews had not put Christ to death? According to Millennialists, God planned to restore the kingdom to Israel and salvation coming to us Gentiles would not have happened. If the church were established as a substitution unto the kingdom is restored to Israel, it could not be according to the eternal purpose of God; in fact, according to Millennialists the Jews prevented the eternal purpose of God.
IF BOTH GOD AND CHRIST HAD NOT FAILED
IF ISRAEL HAD NOT REJECTED AND KILLED CHRIST
John Darby, the founder of the modern Premillennial doctrine says, "Supposing for a moment that Christ has not been rejected, the kingdom would have been set upon earth."
According to him:
1. As taught by Millennialists, the kingdom being restored was only for Israel, the Gentiles would never have had the blessings that came to them through the death and resurrection of Christ.
2. If Christ had set up the earthly kingdom the Jews were looking for, He would never have been put to death and whatever the Jews had would have had would have been without the blood of Christ; it would have lasted for each Jew only for his or her lifetime. The Jews or no one would have had no hope of eternal life or any life after death.
3. The earthly kingdom of Israel would not have needed the death and blood of Christ, the church, which was only a substitute for the kingdom, would never have been bought with the blood of Christ [Acts 20:28]; the church never would have been.
4. There would have been only the blood of bulls and goats, which cannot save [Hebrews 10:4]. As taught by Millennialists, the death of Christ was not planned or needed.
5. There would have been no second coming of Christ, no resurrection, no eternal life for Jews or Gentiles, and no Millennium.
o The Premillennial doctrine is a denial of many of the clearest teaching of the Bible.
If God set up the church only as an afterthought, the millennium as is taught by Premillennialists would have been just as much an afterthought, just as unforeseen, just as unknown about by God as they say the church was, but they repeatedly use the Old Testament to prove the millennial theory. The Millennialists argument that the church was only an afterthought, that it was unforeseen makes the millennial be the same as the church, just as unforeseen, just as much only an afterthought. If there is nothing in the Old Testament about the unforeseen church, there could be nothing in the Old Testament about the unforeseen millennial. If God had not foreseen the rejection of Christ as the king of the Jews, He would not have foreseen the need to postpone setting up the kingdom unto the second coming of Christ, which He would not have foreseen. He would have foreseen nothing about a millennial kingdom.
Kingdom not of this would. "My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews; but now is my kingdom not from hence" [John 18:36]. His throne, a part of the kingdom is not of this world, therefore, not in Jerusalem. Christ never intended to set up an earthly kingdom. When the Jews came to take Him by force and make Him king, He withdrew into the mountain alone [John 6:15]. "And being asked by the Pharisees, when the kingdom of God comes, he answered them and said, the kingdom of God comes not with observation: neither shall they say, Lo here! Or, there! For the kingdom of God is within you" [Luke 17:20]. An earthly kingdom of Jews was not the kingdom Christ came into the world to set up. "For our citizenship is in heaven" [Philippians 2:23].
HAL LINDSEY AND THE POSTPONEMENT OF THE KINGDOM AND GOD'S ALTERED PLAIN, THE "CHURCH AGE." "There was no lack of evidence to show that Jesus was indeed the long-awaited Messiah. Had the people received Him, He would have fulfilled the Kingly prophecies in their day in additions to the one regarding the suffering Messiah. But, when the Jewish nation as a whole rejected Christ, the fulfillment of His kingship was postponed until the final culmination of world history." Hal Lindsey, "There's A New World Coming" Page 30. If Christ had set up a world kingdom and was king of the Jews, how could He have fulfilled "one regarding the suffering Messiah"? Why would the Jews crucify Him if He had saved them from the Romans and restored the kingdom of David? How could Isaiah have foretold of His rejection and death if His rejection by the Jews was unknown about even by God? "He was oppressed, yet when he was afflicted he opened not his mouth; as a lamb that is let to the slaughter, and as a sheep that before its shearers is dumb, so he opened not his mouth. By oppression and judgment he was taken away; and as for his generation, who among them considered that he was cut off out of the land of the living for the transgression of my people to whom the stroke was due: And they made his grave with the wicked, and with a rich man in his death; although he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth" [Isaiah 53:7-9]. How could anything that Isaiah said have come to pass if the Jews had made Him their king and not have rejected Him? The only answer is that nothing Isaiah foretold would have come to pass if the Jews had not rejected Christ.
Who do you believe?
THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE CHURCH WAS "ACCORDING TO THE ETERNAL PURPOSE" OF GOD. "And to make all men see what is the dispensation of the mystery which for ages has been hid in God who created all things; to the intent that now unto the principalities and the powers in the heavenly places might be made known through the church the manifold wisdom of God, according to the eternal purpose which He purposed in Christ Jesus our Lord" [Ephesians 3:9-11].
Before the day of Pentecost [acts 2] the kingdom is spoken of as being in the near future. From the day of Pentecost on the kingdom was spoken of as existing.
BEFORE PENTECOST - KINGDOM AT HAND
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BACK TO THE TEMPLE MADE WITH HANDS
The Premillennial view is a return to Judaism, a re-establishment of national Israel and the types and shadows of the Old Covenant, which the writer of Hebrews is warning against throughout the whole book.
FROM THE BLOOD OF CHRIST BACK TO THE BLOOD OF ANIMALS
Hebrews 10:16-17: "This is the covenant that I will make with them After those days, says the Lord: I will put my laws on their heart, and upon their mind also will I write them; then he says, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more. Now where remission of these is, there is no more offering for sin. Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holy place by the blood of Jesus by the way which he dedicated for us, a new and living way, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh; and having a great priest over the house of God; let us draw near with a true heart in fullness of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience: and having our body washed with pure water."
Hebrews 12:24-25: "And to Jesus the mediator of a new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling that speaks better than that of Abel. See that you refuse not him that speaks. For if they escaped not when they refused him that warned them on earth, much more shall not we escape who turn away from him that warns from heaven."
Hebrews 13:20: "Now the God of peace, who brought again from the dead the great shepherd of the sheep with the blood of an eternal covenant, even our Lord Jesus."
Hebrews 10:29: "Of how much sorer punishment, think you, shall he be judged worthy, who has trodden underfoot the Son of God, and has counted the blood of the covenant wherewith he was sanctified an unholy thing."
Acts 20:28 "Take heed unto yourselves, and to all the flock, in which the Holy Spirit has made you bishops, to feed the church of the Lord which he purchased with his own blood."
Romans 3:24-25: "Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: whom God set forth to be a propitiation, through faith, in his blood, to show his righteousness because of the passing over of the sins done afore time, in the forbearance of God."
Romans 5:5-9: "For while we were yet weak, in due season Christ died for the ungodly. For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: for peradventure for the good man some one would even dare to die. But God commends his own love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. Much more then, being now justified by his blood, shall we be saved from the wrath of God through him."
Ephesians 1-9: "Having foreordained us unto adoption as sons through Jesus Christ unto himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, to the praise of the glory of his grace, which he freely bestowed on us in the Beloved: in whom we have our redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace, which he made to abound toward us in all wisdom and prudence, making known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he purposed in him unto a dispensation of the fullness of the times, to sum up all things in Christ, the things in the heavens, and the things upon the earth; in him, I say, in whom also we were made a heritage, having been foreordained according to the purpose of him who works all things after the counsel of his will; to the end that we should be unto the praise of his glory, we who had before hoped in Christ: in whom you also, having heard the word of the truth, the gospel of your salvation, in whom, having also believed, you were sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise, which is an earnest of our inheritance, unto the redemption of God's own possession, unto the praise of his glory."
Colossians 1:19-20: "For it was the good pleasure of the Father that in him should all the fullness dwell; and through him to reconcile all things unto himself, having made peace through the blood of his cross; through him, I say, whether things upon the earth, or things in the heavens."
1 Peter 1:2: "According to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace to you and peace be multiplied."
1 Peter 1:19-20: "But with precious blood, as of a lamb without spot, even the blood of Christ: who was foreknown indeed before the foundation of the world, but was manifested at the end of times for your sake, who through him are believers in God, that raised him from the dead, and gave him glory; so that your faith and hope might be in God."
1 John 1:7: "But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus his Son cleans us from all sin."
Revelation 1:5-6: "And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loves us, and loosed us from our sins by his blood; and he made us to be a kingdom, to be priests unto his God and Father; to him be the glory and the dominion forever and ever. Amen."
Revelation 5:9-10: "And they sing a new song, saying, Worthy are you to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for you was slain, and did purchase unto God with your blood men of every tribe, and tongue, and people, and nation, and made them to be unto our God a kingdom and priests; and they reign upon earth."
FROM CHRIST OUR HIGH PRIEST
BACK TO THE OLD TESTAMENT PRIESTHOOD
Hebrews 8:1-4: "Now in the things which we are saying the chief point is this: we have such a high priest, who sat down on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens, a minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, not man. For every high priest is appointed to offer both gifts and sacrifices: wherefore it is necessary that this high priest also have somewhat to offer. Now if he were on earth, he would not be a priest at all, seeing there are those who offer the gifts according to the law; who serve that which is a copy and shadow of the heavenly things." If the temple were rebuilt in the millennium, then the Old Testament priesthood would have to be restored which would require that the Law be restored; it would require going back to the blood of goats and calves. "But Christ having come a high priest of the good things to come, through the greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this creation, nor yet through the blood of goats and calves, but through his own blood, entered in once for all into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption. For if the blood of goats and bulls, and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling them that have been defiled, sanctify unto the cleanness of the flesh: how much more shall the blood of Christ." See Hebrews chapter nine.
Hebrews 9:6-25: "Now these things having been prepared, the priests go in continually into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the services; but into the second the high priest alone, once in the year, not without blood, which he offers for himself, and for the errors of the people: the Holy Spirit this signifying, that the way into the holy place had not yet been made manifest, while the first tabernacle is yet standing; which is a figure for the time present; according to which are offered both gifts and sacrifices that cannot, as touching the conscience, make the worshiper perfect, being only (with meats and drinks and divers washings) carnal ordinances, imposed until a time of reformation. But Christ having come a high priest of the good things to come, through the greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this creation, nor yet through the blood of goats and calves, but through his own blood, entered in once for all into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption. For if the blood of goats and bulls, and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling them that have been defiled, sanctify unto the cleanness of the flesh: how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish unto God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? And for this cause he is the mediator of a new covenant, that a death having taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first covenant, they that have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance. For where a testament is, there must of necessity be the death of him that made it. For a testament is of force where there has been death: for it never does avail while he that made it lives. Wherefore even the first covenant has not been dedicated without blood. For when every commandment had been spoken by Moses unto all the people according to the law, he took the blood of the calves and the goats, with water and scarlet wool and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book itself and all the people, saying, This is the blood of the covenant which God commanded to you-ward. Moreover, the tabernacle and all the vessels of the ministry he sprinkled in like manner with the blood. And according to the law, I may almost say, all things are cleansed with blood, and apart from shedding of blood there is no remission. It was necessary; therefore, that the copies of the things in the heavens should be cleansed with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. For Christ entered not into a holy place made with hands, like in pattern to the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear before the face of God for us: nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the high priest enters into the holy place year by year with blood not his own; else must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once at the end of the ages has he been manifested to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself. And inasmuch as it is appointed unto men once to die, and after this comes judgment so Christ also, having been once offered to bear the sins of many, shall appear a second time, apart from sin, to them that wait for him, unto salvation."
The Premillennial belief rejects the priesthood of Christ for the priesthood of the Old Testament.
FROM THE SUBSTANCE BACK TO THE SHADOW
Hebrews 8:4-5: "Now if he were on earth, he would not be a priest at all, seeing there are those who offer the gifts according to the law; who serve that which is a copy and shadow of the heavenly things, even as Moses is warned of God when he is about to make the tabernacle: for, See, he says, that you make all things according to the pattern that was showed you in the mount." The book of Hebrews is one long argument against going back from the substance to the shadow, from the New Covenant back to the Old Covenant, which both Judaism (a restoration of national Israel) and Premillennial teaching (a modern day restoration of national Israel) does, therefore, the book of Hebrews is one long argument against the Premillennial view. Premillennialists teach Christianity will be done away and replaced by Judaism at the coming of Christ. The Premillennial doctrine is a return to Judaism, a re-establishment of national Israel and the types and shadows of the Old Covenant, which the writer of Hebrews is warning against throughout the whole book.
Hebrews 10:1-6: "For the law having a shadow of the good things to come, not the very image of the things, can never with the same sacrifices year by year, which they offer continually, make perfect them that draw nigh. Else would they not have ceased to be offered because the worshipers, having been once cleansed, would have had no more consciousness of sins. But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance made of sins year by year. For it is impossible that the blood of bulls and goats should take away sins. Wherefore when he comes into the world, he said, Sacrifice and offering you would not, but a body you did prepare for me; in whole burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin you had no pleasure: Then said I, Lo, I am come (In the roll of the book it is written of me) to do your will, O God, saying above, sacrifices and offerings and whole burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin you would not, neither had pleasure therein (the which are offered according to the law), then has he said, Lo, I am come to do your will. He takes away the first, that he may establish the second. By which will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. And every priest indeed stands day by day ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, the which can never take away sins: but he, when he had offered one sacrifice for sins forever, sat down on the right hand of God; henceforth expecting till his enemies be made the footstool of his feet. For by one offering he has perfected forever them that are sanctified. And the Holy Spirit also bears witness to us; for after he had said, This is the covenant that I will make with them After those days, says the Lord: I will put my laws on their heart, and upon their mind also will I write them; then said he, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more. Now where remission of these is, there is no more offering for sin."
FROM THE BETTER NEW COVENANT BACK TO THE OLD COVENANT
Hebrews 10:7-11: "Then said I, Lo, I am come (In the roll of the book it is written of me) To do your will, O God. Saying above, Sacrifices and offerings and whole burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin you would not, neither had pleasure therein (the which are offered according to the law), then he has said, Lo, I am come to do your will. He takes away the first, that he may establish the second. By which will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all." See Hebrews 9 and 10.
Hebrews 12:22-23 is a list of seven ways the New Covenant is now better than the Old Covenant.
1. You have not come unto a mount that could be touched and that burned with fire, "but you are come unto mount Zion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem."
2. You are come "To innumerable hosts of angels."
3. You are come "To the general assembly and church of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven."
4. You are come "To God the Judge of all."
5. You are come "To the spirits of just men made perfect." "And to the spirits of the righteous made perfect" [New Revised Standard Version].
6. You are come "To Jesus the mediator of a new covenant."
7. You are come "To the blood of sprinkling that speaks better than that of Abel."
Jeremiah 31:31-36: "Behold, the days come, says Jehovah, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was a husband unto them, says Jehovah. But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says Jehovah: I will put my law in their inward parts, and in their heart will I write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people: and they shall teach no more every man his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, know Jehovah; for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, says Jehovah: for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin will I remember no more. Thus says Jehovah, who gives the sun for a light by day, and the ordinances of the moon and of the stars for a light by night, who stirs up the sea, so that the waves thereof roar; Jehovah of hosts is his name: If these ordinances depart from before me, says Jehovah, then the seed of Israel also shall cease from being a nation before me forever." This is quoted in Hebrews 8:8-11 and 10:16 and applied to the New Covenant. Jeremiah did tell of the coming of the New Covenant. It was not something unknown in the Old Testament.
FROM THAT WHICH MAKES ALIVE BACK TO THAT WHICH KILLS
2 Corinthians 3:6-11: "Who also made us sufficient as ministers of a new covenant; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter kills, but the spirit gives life. But if the ministration of death, written, and engraved on stones, came with glory, so that the children of Israel could not look steadfastly upon the face of Moses for the glory of his face; which glory was passing away: how shall not rather the ministration of the spirit be with glory? For if the ministration of condemnation has glory, much rather does the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory. For verily that which has been made glorious has not been made glorious in this respect, by reason of the glory that surpasses. For if that which passes away was with glory, much more that which remained is in glory."
Millennialists believe the New Covenant is a parenthesis, something added to be temporary, unto the Millennium. Actual they have it backward. The Law was a parenthesis added for fifteen hundred years between the promise made to Abraham and the death and resurrection of Christ, "added because of transgressions...until the seed should come" [Galatians 3:19]. A parenthesis is something added to a sentence, which is not a real part of the sentence. Christ is that seed and the parenthesis, which was the temporary Law; the "wall of partition" between Israel and all other nations has been "abolished." "For He Himself is our peace, who made both groups into one, and broke down the barrier of the dividing wall, by abolishing in His flesh the enmity, which is the law of commandments contained in ordinances, that in Himself He might make the two into one new man, thus establishing peace" [Ephesians 2:14-15]. The temporary parenthesis was "passing away" [2 Corinthians 3:4-9], was "nailed to the cross" [Colossians 2:4-16], has "been abolished" [Ephesians 2:14-16], and was "done away in Christ" [2 Corinthians 3:11]. The Law, which was only a temporary parenthesis could not "make the worshiper perfect in conscience" and was "imposed until a time of reformation" [Hebrews 9:9-10].
The Millennialists who want to go back to the Law, back to the temporary parenthesis "have been severed from Christ, you who are seeking to be justified by the law; you have fallen from grace" [Galatians 5:4]. At the death of Christ the veil of the temple was "rent in two from the top to the bottom" [Matthew 27:51] bringing to an end the office of the priest and the sacrifices for sin, Christ having made the one sacrifice and bring to an end the sacrifices made under the Law. "And every priest indeed stands day by day ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, the which can never take away sins: but he, when he had offered one sacrifice for sins forever sat down on the right had of God" [Hebrews 10:11-12].
FROM FREE BACK TO BONDAGE
Galatians 4:1-31: "But I say that so long as the heir is a child, he differs nothing from a bond servant though he is lord of all; but is under guardians and stewards until the day appointed of the father. So we also, when we were children, were held in bondage under the rudiments of the world: but when the fullness of the time came, God sent forth his Son, born of a woman, born under the law, that he might redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. And because you are sons, God sent forth the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, Abbe, Father, so that you are no longer a bondservant, but a son, and if a son, then an heir through God. How be it at that time, not knowing God, you were in bondage to them that by nature are no gods: but now that you have come to know God, or rather to be known by God, how turn you back again to the weak and beggarly rudiments, whereunto you desire to be in bondage over again? You observe days, and months, and seasons, and years. I am afraid of you, lest by any means I have bestowed labor upon you in vain. I beseech you, brethren, become as I am, for I also am become as you are. You did me no wrong: but you know that because of an infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel unto you the first time: and that which was a temptation to you in my flesh you despised not, nor rejected; but you received me as an angel of God, even as Christ Jesus. Where then is that gratification of yourselves? For I bear you witness, that, if possible, you would have plucked out your eyes and given them to me. So then am I become your enemy, by telling you the truth? They zealously seek you in no good way; nay, they desire to shut you out, that you may seek them. But it is good to be zealously sought in a good matter at all times, and not only when I am present with you. My little children, of whom I am again in travail until Christ be formed in you-but I could wish to be present with you now, and to change my tone; for I am perplexed about you. Tell me, you that desire to be under the law; do you not hear the law? For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, one by the handmaid, and one by the free woman. How be it the son by the handmaid is born after the flesh; but the son by the free woman is born through promise. Which things contain an allegory: for these women are two covenants; one from mount Sinai, bearing children unto bondage, which is Hagar. Now this Hagar is mount Sinai in Arabia and answers to the Jerusalem that now is: for she is in bondage with her children. But, the Jerusalem that is above is free, which is our mother. For it is written, Rejoice, you barren that bears not; Break forth and cry, you that travails not: For more are the children of the desolate than of her that has the husband. Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are children of promise. But, as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, so also it is now [Paul is saying Israel, born after the flesh, was them, at the time he was writing, persecuting the church, born after the Spirit. Premillennialists say we will go back to "the flesh" in the Millennial]. How be it what say the scripture? Cast out the handmaid and her son: for the son of the handmaid shall not inherit with the son of the free woman. Wherefore, brethren, we are not children of a handmaid, but of the free woman."
Yet, we are told that the New Covenant is only an afterthought and is to last only unto the coming of Christ when the Old Covenant will be restored. Without going back to animal sacrifices there could not be a restoring of the Law of Moses. Without restoring the Law of Moses there could not be a restoring of the nation of Israel; without restoring the nation of Israel there could not a Millennium.
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OLD TESTAMENT PASSAGES
USED BY MILLENNIALISTS TO TEACH CHRIST WOULD SET UP A KINGDOM
AND RULE THE WORLD FROM JERUSALEM IN THE MILLENNIUM.
Millennialists tell us that God planned for Christ to be king on the throne of David when He came the first time and rule the world from Jerusalem; that God did not know the Jews were going to reject Christ and put Him to death, but because they did, the church, an afterthought was set up and new plains were made for Christ to come a second time and do what He could not do the first time. If they were right,
Š God would not have known Christ would not now be on the throne of David.
Š God would not have known about the second coming.
Š God or none of the prophets would not have known anything about the millennium.
Š There could not be anything in the Old Testament about the death of Christ, the church, the second coming of Christ, or the Millennium.
Š If they were right, the Millennium would have been just as unknown by God as the church; therefore, the second coming and the Millennium would be just as much an afterthought as the church.
Š The church, the second coming, and the millennium would all be because of the Jews rejecting Christ as their king, not the foreknown plan of God.
Ezekiel 34-48 Premillennialists believe all scriptures must be taken literal. If Ezekiel 38-48 were taken literal, then there will once again be sin-offerings in the future. Chapters 38-48 were fulfilled after the Babylonian captivity when Israel was restored to the promised land. Israel being restored for a thousand years is not taught in Ezekiel. "For such a high priest became us, holy, guileless, undefiled, separated from sinners, and made higher than the heavens; who needs not daily like those high priests, to offer up sacrifices, first for his own sins, and then for the sins of the people: for this he did once for all, when he offered up himself" [Hebrews 7:27]. For the sin-offerings to be restored would be rejecting the offerings of Christ. I have never known of any Millennialists who believe David will literally be king of Israel in the thousand years [Ezekiel 34:23]; they believe Christ will be the king of Israel in the Millennium, that David will not literally be the king but is symbolic of Christ. Christ is now both priest and king. If this passage were speaking about when Christ comes, the Jews would have to be literally mixed among the nations and worshiping idols as they were when Ezekiel wrote this, not in their own nation.
Daniel 2 "In the days of these kings" Brian Schwertley, a Dispensationalists says, "In this prophetic explanation of King Nebuchadnezzar's dream Daniel revealed that the kingdom of Christ would be established in the days of the Roman Empire; 'And in the days of these kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed; and the kingdom shall not be left to other people; it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand forever' (Dan. 2:44). The vast majority of interpreters (including Dispensationalists) identify the four kingdoms as (1) the head of gold--the neo-Babylonian Empire; (2) the breast and arms--the Medo-Persian Empire; (3) the belly and thighs--the Grecian Empire; (4) the legs and feet--the Roman Empire. Daniel says that the statue which represents these successive pagan empires is still standing when the kingdom of Christ is set up."
1. Gold - Babylon Empire ["You are the head of gold" Daniel 2:38]
2. Silver - Medo-Persia Empire ["After you shall arise another kingdom inferior to you" Daniel 2:39]
3. Brass - Macedo-Grecian Empire ["And another third kingdom of brass" Daniel 2:39]
4. Iron - Roman Empire ["And the fourth kingdom shall be strong as iron" Daniel 2:40]. "And whereas you saw the feet and toes, part of potters' clay, and part of iron, it shall be a divided kingdom; but there shall be in it the strength of the iron" [Daniel 2:40-43]. There is nothing said about the toes being ten world kingdoms, but the Millennialists add ten kingdoms, and some Millennialists place these kingdoms in the thousand years. We are specifically told what parts of the image represent kingdoms and there are only four, not fourteen kingdoms. We are specifically told that the stone smote the image on the feet, not the toes, and the image was on it feet [Rome was still standing] when the stone smote it.
"And in the days of these kings [Rome] shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed [Not a kingdom that will last for only a thousand years], nor shall the sovereignty thereof be left to another people; but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand forever. For as much as you saw that a stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it brake in pieces the iron, the brass, the clay, the silver, and the gold; the great God has made known to the king what shall come to pass hereafter: and the dream is certain [Certain even if Millennialists tell us it was postponed and did not happen], and the interpretation thereof sure" [Daniel 2:44-45]. The image was smitten on its feet, which was the Roman empire. The kingdom God was to set up was to be "in the days of these kings." Therefore, the kingdom had to be set up while the Caesars were ruling Roman. It smote the image on its feet and destroyed it. There has never been another world empire; this line of world kingdoms ceased. The kingdom of God destroyed the image. If the Millennium is coming soon, in our lifetime, as many Premillennialists say it is, there is no image for it to smote on its feet and destroy.
This passage says:
1. God will set up a kingdom in the days of the Iron Empire, which was the Roman Empire.
2. This kingdom will stand forever.
This kingdom will be set up "in the days of these kings," during the fourth world power - Rome. Millennialists admit that God intended to sat up a kingdom then but says this did not happen for the Jews defeated God.
A prophecy that is of something that is to happen at a given time, "in the days of these kings," sometimes called a "time prophecy" cannot be changed or deferred to a later time. A prophecy that was of the first coming of Christ and the kingdom He was to set up at the first coming of Christ cannot be changed or "postponed" to be at the second coming of Christ. If it was "postponed" and did not come to pass at the first coming the prophecy was a failure. Premillennialists make all the prophesies of the kingdom and of the first coming of Christ a failure, therefore, Premillennialists make the prophets, God and Christ to have failed. Then how can we know God will not fail to set up the kingdom at a later time? If God failed one time He can fail often, therefore, is He God? Not if the Premillennial belief were true.
Daniel 4 Nebuchadnezzar's dream in Daniel 4 is applied by some to the Millennium even though Daniel tells us that the dream is about Nebuchadnezzar, not the Millennium. "This is the interpretation, O king, and it is the decree of the Most High, which is come upon my lord the king: that you shall be driven from men, and your dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field, and you shall be made to eat grass as oxen, and shall be wet with the dew of heaven, and seven times shall pass over you; till you know that the Most High rules in the kingdom of men, and gives it to whomsoever he will" [Daniel 4:24-25].
Isaiah 11:1-12 Millennialists often use Isaiah 11:1-12 and teach that it is to be fulfilled in the Millennium. Paul quotes Isaiah and says he is speaking of the first coming of Christ. "I have found David the Son of Jesse, a man after my heart, who shall do all my will. Of this man's seed has God according to promise brought unto Israel a Savior, Jesus" [Acts 13:22-24].
Isaiah 28:14-16 "Wherefore hear the word of Jehovah, you scoffers that rule this people that is in Jerusalem: because you have said, we have made a covenant with death, and with Sheol are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us; for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves: therefore, thus says the Lord Jehovah, behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner-stone of sure foundation: he that believes shall not be in haste." The Millennialists use this passage even despite the fact that it is quoted by both Paul [Romans 9:31-33], and two times by Peter [1 Peter 2:6-7; Acts 4:11] and both Paul and Peter apply it to Christ being the corner stone of the Church which Millennialists tell us was unknown about by the prophets. I believe that if I were a Millennialists that I would never get near this passage. The rulers of Jerusalem thought that by putting Christ to death would be the end of Him, but, by the resurrection, God made Him the corner stone of the church. Their "covenant with death" [Isaiah 28:18] was annulled by the resurrection of Christ. Peter says the same thing that Isaiah said, "You rulers of the people, and elders...be it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that in the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth whom you crucified, [Their "covenant with death" which was annulled] who God raised from the dead, even in him does that man stand here before you whole. He is the stone which was set at naught of you the builders, which was made the head of the corner" [Acts 4:8-11].
Isaiah 49:8 is quoted by Paul in 2 Corinthians 6:2 and he says, "Behold, now is the acceptable time; behold, not is the day of salvation."
Isaiah 61:1-2 is quoted by Christ in Luke 4 and in 4:21 Christ says, "This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears."
Ezekiel 37:27 is a passage that Premillennialists use to teach that the kingdom will literally be rebuilt in Jerusalem after the second coming of Christ. Their problem is that Paul applied this prophecy to the church, which was set up "in the days of these kings" - the Roman Empire, not to rebuilding Israel after the second coming of Christ. "For we are a temple of the living God; even as God said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people" [2 Corinthians 6:16].
Isaiah 65:17-20 is used by Premillennialists but it is speaking of new heavens and a new earth which they say will be after the Millennium, some the eternal state on earth after the Millennium, some the eternal state in Heaven; therefore, even according to them it is not speaking of the Millennium. The passage is speaking a completely new order that was to come, the church now, not the eternal state after the judgment.
Psalm 2:1-9 "Why do the nations rage, and the peoples meditate a vain thing? The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against Jehovah, and against his anointed, saying, let us break their bonds asunder, and cast away their cords from us. He that sits in the heavens will laugh: The Lord will have them in derision. Then will he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure: yet I have set my king Upon my holy hill of Zion. I will tell of the decree: Jehovah said unto me, You are my son: this day have I begotten you. Ask of me, and I will give you the nations (footnote: Gentiles) for your inheritance." Paul tells us this has been fulfilled in Christ. "And we bring you good news of the promise made unto the fathers, that God has fulfilled the same unto our children, in that he raised up Jesus; as also it is written the second Psalm, You are my Son, this day have I begotten you" [Acts 13:32-34]. Also in Hebrews 1:5 and 5:5 it is quoted and applied to Christ. Both times applied to His first coming. Yet, Millennialists tell us that Psalm 2:6 is to be fulfilled in the Millennium age. But at the same time they tell us that God was going to set up the kingdom when Christ came the first time, but the rejection of Christ by the Jews, which they say God did not foresee, caused the kingdom to be postponed. How could any Old Testament passage have any reference to either the church or the millennium if God did not foresee that Christ would be rejected and he would not set up the kingdom as God had planned for Christ to do when He came the first time?
Amos 9:11-15 - Acts 15 Scofield Reference Bible says this is the most important passage in the New Testament for Dispensationalists. James applied Amos 9:11-12 to the church, not to a restored Jewish kingdom in which the Jews would rule the world. "Brethren, hearken unto me: Symeon has rehearsed how first God visited the Gentiles, to take out of them a people for his name. And to this agree the words of the prophets; as it is written, After these things I will return, and I will build again the tabernacle of David, which is fallen; and I will build again the ruins thereof, and I will set it up; that the residue of men may seek after the Lord. And all the Gentiles, upon whom my name is called, says the Lord, who makes these things known from of old" [Acts 15:14-18]. Premillennialists and Dispensationalists argument are that this and all scripture must be taken literally. If Amos 9:11-12 were taken literally then:
"Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, your king comes unto you; he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, even upon a colt the foal of an ass. And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim, and the house from Jerusalem; and the battle bow shall be cut off; and he shall speak peace unto the nations; and his dominion shall be from sea to sea, and from the river to the ends of the earth" [Zechariah 9:9-10].
"Now this is come to pass, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through the prophet, saying, tell you the daughter of Zion, behold, your King comes unto you, meek, and riding upon a colt the foal of an ass" [Matthew 21:4-5].
Zechariah 14:4 Some Millennialists uses this passage and say "in that day" means Christ will stand on the earth on the Mount of Olives. "In that day" and "that day" are used about 23 times in Zechariah and often in Isaiah, Jeremiah and through out the Old Testament, and not one time is it speaking of the Millennium. In no place does "that day" mean a literal thousand years. "In that day there will be great mourning in Jerusalem" [Zechariah 12:11] does not mean there will be mourning "for a thousand years" in the Millennium.
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DANIEL 9: THE SEVENTY WEEKS
The only sure thing about the millennium time line (sixty-nine weeks, the gap, the seventh week which is the seven years of the Rapture, then the thousand years) is that it is not from Daniel 9 or the Bible. Larry Hariman said, "I want to make it clear, that I do not believe my interpretations and applications of various scriptural passages are inerrant. While I have held to the general Historic Premillennial position now for several years, I am constantly fine tuning it (and even slightly altering it) as God shows me things from his Word. That is to say that this is not the final word on the subject." Is he not saying that God is going to show him things from His word that will be different from what God has now shown him from His word? Or is he saying the millennial view he is now teaching is not from the Bible, but some day God will show him the view that is in the Bible? Or that God has shown him some truths now but latter God will say the truths that have now been shown him will no longer be truths and must be altered? Then he says he is sure some Historic Premillennialists will have differing points of view. Is he not saying God has shown them conflicting truths and that God has them all teaching conflicting truths simultaneously? In all the time lines I have read, they all have differing points of view. I have found no two that are the same. "I would be difficult or impossible to find anyone whose view of the Seventy Weeks prophecy does not rest, as to some one or more essential features thereof, upon mere human authority" Philip Mauro, "The Seventy Week and the Great Tribulation" 1921.
Daniel's 70 weeks: Daniel 9 may be the third most used passage by Millennialists after Matthew 24 and Revelation 20. Christ quoted Daniel 9:27 and applied it to the destruction of Israel [Matthew 24:15]. Josephus also applied Daniel 9 to the destruction of Israel [Antiq. 10. 11. 7].
The Millennium time line for the 70 weeks
"A day equals a year" theory: The hundreds of times "day" is used in the Old Testament, only two times it is used where some say that a "day" equals a year [Numbers 14:34; Ezekiel 4:4-6], and there is nothing in Daniel 9 that would indicate that is does.
If a "day" equals a "year" then they make there own claim that all prophecies are to be taken literally not be true by making "day" be used figuratively.
WEEK OR SEVEN
Shahvooag is used in the Old Testament 19 times. Ezekiel 45:21 says, "The Passover, a feast of seven (shahvooag) days." It is obvious that week could not be a translation of shahvooag, "A feast of week days."
Word # 7651, "A prim cardinal number; seven (as the sacred full one); also (adv.) seven times; by impl, a week; by extens, an indefinite number: -- (+by) seven."
Young's Analytical Concordance To The Bible, page 1041, (spells "shahvooag" as "shabua") says, "shabua - seven, a week."
"But time periods of different lengths symbolized by seven sevens, sixty-two seven, and one seven (or heptad)" Homer Hailey, A Commentary On Daniel, Page 193, Nevada Publications, 2001. (A heptad means "a group of seven").
The 70 years of captivity [Jeremiah 29:10; Daniel 9:2] was about over. In chapter 9:3-19 Daniel points out how God had done more for Israel than any other people in the whole earth, yet they had over and over sinned and "been wicked." The angel Gabriel gave Daniel a revelation, the 70 years of captivity was to be followed by a period of seventy sevens (shahvooags), a period of time 7 times as long as the captivity which would bring "a complete destruction" [Daniel 9:27]. Seven times the 70-year captivity equals 490 years, one seven for each of the 70 years of captivity. Seven is used through out the Bible for completeness, fullness, and perfection. See Matthew 18:22 where the same number is used.
This Seventy sevens is made up of 3 periods.
1. 7 sevens which would be 49 years.
2. 62 sevens which would be 434 years.
3. 1 seven which would be 7 years.
o Total 490 years. This is the same number of years as "a day equals a year theory" but "day" is not in Daniel 9, neither is the theory. The 70 years captivity was literal years, not weeks. There was no change from years to weeks, which then must be changed back to years.
THE SEVEN SEVENS - 49 YEARS
"From the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem"
A number of dates have been given for the beginning of the 49 years.
1. The decree of Cyrus in 536 B. C.
2. The decree of Darius Hystapsis in 519 B. C.
3. The first decree of Artaxerxes Longimanus in 457 B. C.
4. The second decree of Artaxerxes Longimanus in 444 or 445 B. C.
o If you count from John the Baptist, as some do, to make the "stop to sacrifice" [Daniel 9:27] be at the death of Christ, [in the middle of the 70th week] it would go back to about 459 B. C.
These dates are mostly based on the canon of Ptolemy, a heathen writer of the second century and obscure historical records. There is no reliable historical chronology of the period from Cyrus to Christ. Ptolemy's estimate of 205 years has caused problems with many writers in finding something 483 years from the Baptism of Christ. For those who use Ussher's chronology, a starting year after Cyrus must be found. The estimated dates given by men can be wrong, but a date given by God cannot. If, as many believe, the Baptism of Christ was about B. C. 4, the starting date of this revelation to Daniel was 483 years before B. C. 4, or about 487 B. C. using God's chronology.
THE DECREE OF CYRUS
In Isaiah 44:26 to 45:25 God gives the promise that Jerusalem would be rebuilt and named Cyrus as the one who would rebuild it. By the chronology of man this was about 200 years before Cyrus was king. "It is I who say of Cyrus, 'he is My shepherd! And he will perform all My desire,' And he declares of Jerusalem, 'She will be built,' and of the temple, Your foundation will be laid.' Thus says the Lord to Cyrus His anointed, whom I have taken by the right hand, to subdue nations before him, and to loose the loins of kings; to open doors before him so that gates will not shut: I will go before you and make the rough places smooth; I will shatter the doors of bronze, and cut through their iron bars. And I will give you the treasures of darkness, and hidden wealth of secret places, in order that you may know that I, the Lord, the God of Israel, who calls you by your name. For the sake of Jacob My servant, and Israel My chosen one, I have also called you by your name; I have given you a title of honor thought you have not known Me" [Isaiah 44:28 to 45:4]. "I have aroused him in righteousness, and I will make all his ways smooth; he will build My city, and will let go My captives" [Isaiah 45:13].
1. Cyrus was to rebuild the city
2. And let the captive Jews return
THE FULFILLMENT OF THIS 200 YEAR OLD DECREE
2 Chronicles 36:22-23: "Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of Jehovah by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, Jehovah stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying, Thus says Cyrus king of Persia, All the kingdoms of the earth has Jehovah, the God of heaven, given me; and he has charged me to build him a house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Whosoever there is among you of all his people, Jehovah his God be with him, and let him go up."
Ezra 1:1-4: "Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of Jehovah by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, Jehovah stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying, Thus says Cyrus king of Persia, All the kingdoms of the earth has Jehovah, the God of heaven, given me; and he has charged me to build him a house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Whosoever there is among you of all his people, his God be with him, and let him go up to Jerusalem, which is in Judah, and build the house of Jehovah, the God of Israel (he is God), which is in Jerusalem. And whosoever is left, in any place where he sojourns, let the men of his place help him with silver, and with gold, and with goods, and with beasts, besides the freewill-offering for the house of God which is in Jerusalem."
Cyrus returned to the house of the Lord the articles that Nebuchadnezzar has carried away [Ezra 1:7-11]. Ezra 2 gives the number that returned. Through out the rest of the book Ezra speaks of Jerusalem as an existing city, "And to give us a wall in Judah and Jerusalem" [Ezra 9:9]. The captivity was over and the temple had been rebuilt. "And they finished building according to the command of the God of Israel and the decree of Cyrus, Darius, and Artaxerxas king of Persia. And the temple was completed on the third day of the month of Adar; it was the sixth year of the reign of king Darius"[Ezra 6:15]. The decree to rebuild the temple was completed by Darius. Damage done by the enemies of the Jews to the walls was repaired in Nehemiah chapter 1 - 3, but this repairing of the walls that had already been rebuild was not the restoring after the 70 year captivity.
THE 62 SEVENS - 434 YEARS
So far as the prophecy of the angel Gabriel in chapter 9 is concerned, this period of time was uneventful. The 434 years was to bring Israel up the last seven. Daniel 11 foretells some of the events of this period.
THE 1 SEVEN - 7 YEARS
"The anointed one, the prince" Wigram gives four passages where "prince" is used; all four have reference to the death, resurrection and ascension of Christ. Prince (arkeegos), "Wigram Englishmen's Greek Concordance" page 84.
1. "And killed the Prince (arkeegos) of life; whom God raised from the dead" [Acts 3:15].
2. "Him did God exalt with his right hand to be a Prince (arkeegos) and a Savoir, to give repentance to Israel, and remission of sins" [Acts 5:31].
o "For it became him, for Whom are all things, and through Whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the Captain (Greek Prince - arkeegos) of their salvation perfect through sufferings" [Hebrews 2:10 King James Version].
o "Looking unto Jesus, the Author (Greek Prince - arkeegos) and Finisher of faith, Who, for the joy that was set before Him, endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God" [Hebrews 12:2].
o Who can know why the translators translated this Greek word that is used four times into three English words that have completely difference meaning.
"The woman said unto Him, I know that Messiah comes (He that is called Christ): when He is come, He will declare unto us all things. Jesus said unto her, I that speak unto your am He" [John 4:25].
THE BEGINNING OF THE SEVENTIETH SEVEN
The coming of John the Baptist was told about in Isaiah 40:3-11; Malachi 3:1; 4:5-6. Christ begins His work at His baptism [Acts 1:21-22; 10:36-37; 13:24]. It was at His baptism that "the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove, and coming upon him; and lo, a voice out of the heavens, saying, this is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased" [Matthew 3:16-17]. "With us all the time that the Lord Jesus went in and went out among us, beginning from the baptism of John unto the day that he was received up form us" [Acts 1:22]. It was "after the baptism which John preached; even Jesus of Nazareth, how God anointed him with the Holy Spirit and with power: who went about doing good and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him" [Acts 10:37-38]. Also Mark 1:15; Luke 12:56; 19:41-44. At the baptism of Christ the 69 sevens were over and the 70th seven begin.
"Seventy sevens have been decreed for your people and your holy city." All six things listed in Daniel 9:11-24 took place in the first half of the seventieth seven.
1. "To finish the transgression" of Israel not obeying God [Daniel 9:11-16] which ended with their betrayal and crucifixion of their Messiah [Matthew 23:32; 1 Thessalonians 2:15-16]. The sixty-nine sevens brought us unto Christ, but not unto His death by which Israel finished their transgression.
2. "To make an end of sin" by Christ making an atonement for sins [Hebrews 1:3; 10:12]. "To make an end of sins; rather twafj Ķthlw ulehathem chataoth, 'to make an end of sin-offerings'" Adam Clarke.
3. "To make atonement for iniquity" by His death and resurrection which our Lord did when he offered Himself on the cross once for all. [Hebrews 9:23-10:10; Romans 5:8-11].
4. "To bring in everlasting righteousness" in the kingdom of God [Matthew 6:33; Romans 14:17; 1 Corinthians 1:30].
5. "To seal up vision and prophecy" After the days of the Apostles there has not been visions and prophecies in the church. "To seal up (Ķtjlw velachtom, 'to finish or complete') the vision and prophecy; that is, to put an end to the necessity of any farther revelations, by completing the canon of Scripture, and fulfilling the prophecies which related to his person, sacrifice, and the glory that should follow" Adam Clarke.
6. "And to anoint the most holy place" [Daniel 9:24]. The coming of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost was an anointing of the spiritual temple, the church [2 Corinthians 1:22] that is "The temple of the living God" [2 Corinthians 6:16-18].
"Then after the sixty-two sevens (shahvooag) the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing" [Daniel 9:26; Isaiah 53:8]. If the seventieth seven was put off and we are now in the unmentioned "gap" between the sixty-ninth and the seventh seven, waiting for the seventieth seven to come, none of the six things listed above could have come to pass. As Philip Mauro puts it, "The strongest magnifying glass fails to reveal the slightest sign of such a remarkable 'break'...Where those who assert it obtain their information is a deep mystery to us."
The seventieth seven ended when the Gospel was preached to the Gentiles in Acts 10; when the kingdom was no longer for Jews only, but all who believed, no longer the earthly kingdom of Israel, but a spiritual kingdom. God's "holy nation" [1 Peter 2:9] is now composed of all believes, not the nation of Israel which did not receive Him [John 1:11-13].
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"And on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate" [Daniel 9:27]. Christ applied this to the destruction of Israel [Matthew 24:15]. Josephus applied this to the destruction of Israel in A. D. 70.
"It is not difficult to gather the meaning of the passage. Indeed, so far as we are aware, all expositors agree that it foretells the exterminating judgment of God, which in due time was executed by the Roman armies under Titus, by whom the city was overwhelmed as 'with a flood' (a figure often used for an invading army), and the city and the land were given over to the age -- long 'desolations,' which had been 'determined' in the counsels of God. Doubtless the Lord had this very passage in mind when, speaking of the then approaching siege and destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans, He said: 'For these be the days of vengeance, that all things that are written may be fulfilled' (Lu. 21:22). The 'things that are written' were the things foretold in this verse of the prophecy (Dan. 9:26), which were 'fulfilled' at that time. The Lord's words recorded in Matthew 23:32- 36, and Luke 19:43, 44, also refer to the calamities foretold in Daniel 9:26, it will be clearly seen by turning to those passages. The following then is the meaning we derive from the text of the A. V. and R.V.: That the people of a 'prince' (i. e., a leader or commander), who was to come with arms against Judea and Jerusalem, would utterly destroy both the city and the temple; that the destruction thereof should be as if a flood had swept everything away; that to the end there should be war; and that 'desolations' for the land and city were definitely 'determined.' Thus, the entire prophecy of the Seventy Weeks embraces in its scope the rebuilding of the city and the temple, and the final destruction of both. It covers the stretch of time from the restoration of the people to their land and city in the first year of Cyrus, down to their dispersion by the Romans among all the nations of the world" Philip Mauro, "The Seventy Weeks And The Great Tribulation," 1921.
According to the Millennium theory, a second "one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction," must come thousands of years after the first "one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction."
According to the Millennium theory, God planned on setting up the kingdom when Christ came, He did not know that the Jews were going to reject Christ as their king, therefore, He did not know about the destruction of Jerusalem. Therefore, the death of Christ or the destruction of Jerusalem could not have been in Daniel's 70 weeks unless Daniel knew more than God. Nothing about the death of Christ, "the church age," or anything in the church could be in the Old Testament for, according to some Millennialists, God did not know anything about it. Therefore, nothing from the death of Christ unto after He comes a second time could have been foretold in the Old Testament. According to some Millennialists,
The "gap" theory is not found in the Bible but was made up in an attempt to make the 70 weeks fit the time line. It had to be made up to make their time line work, but they still have problems with their time line. The word "rapture" is not in the Bible and none of the doctrines of the rapture, the rapture before, in the middle of or after the thousand years is not in the Bible and is pure fiction.
If the 70th week has not come because it was postponed and we are now in the "gap," the middle of the 70th week has not come, therefore, "but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering" [Daniel 9:27]. If the death of Christ was not known about by God, if Christ has not been put to death as a sacrifice for sin [Hebrews 9:26], how would Christ have put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering in the middle of the 70th week without His death?
If three and a half years ["In the middle of the week" Daniel 9:27] of the 70th week had passed before God stopped the prophetic clock, how is the rapture to be seven years when half of the seven years had passed before the clock was stopped and there had been no rapture?
If the 70th week were the seven-year rapture, what would the 70th week of Daniel's vision have been if the Jews had not rejected Christ and God had not stopped the clock? If Christ had restored Israel as Millennialists tell up it was God's plain to restore Israel right up to the time Christ was rejected, there would have been no church to be raptured away for seven years? They must have God changing the vision of Daniel to something completely different from what it was before Christ was rejected for according to them the church was an unknown afterthought, and the 70th week could not have been the rapture or an unknown afterthought. Daniel could not have told of something that was unknown about by God. The 70th week could not be the unknown about rapture of the unknown about church.
Many Millennialists teach all of the 70th week is still to come, that the Antichrist is the one spoken of, and he will make a covenant with Israel, rebuild the temple and restore sacrifices, but after three and a half years he will break his covenant and cause the sacrifices to cease. Not only would this leave Christ out of the 70 weeks but also it is made to be speaking of something that would have been unknown to Daniel if the rejection of Christ, and the church were unknown of in the Old Testament and the church was only an afterthought. Both the rapture and the antichrist would have been unknown of by Daniel and God.
If the death of Christ were in the middle of the 70th week or if the 70th week is a seven-year rapture, there is no way they can get the destruction of Jerusalem in A. D. 70 in the 70th week are anywhere in the 70 weeks. It will not fit into their time line.
That God stopped the prophetic clock with a long "gap" is a must for Premillennialists. Without this "gap" the prophecy of the kingdom would have been fulfilled in the first century, not in today's newspapers.
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NEW TESTAMENT PASSAGES USED BY MILLENNIALISTS
SCRIPTURES ABOUT THE DESTRUCTION OF ISRAEL
THAT ARE MISAPPLIED TO HELL
Israel's destruction, her weeping, gnashing of teeth, outer darkness
Many of the passages spoken by John the Baptist and by Jesus about Israel's rejection of Christ and its destruction are misapplied to Hell. Matthew 24 is often misused to prove Israel will be restored, and Christ will return to earth and rule the world forever from Jerusalem and that the saved will forever live on this earth, not in Heaven.
THE JEWS THAT CAME TO JOHN THE BAPTIST
"But when he saw the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his baptism, He said unto them, you offspring of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Bring forth; therefore, fruit worthy of repentance: and think not to say within yourselves, we have Abraham to our father: for I say unto you, that God is able of these stones to rise up children unto Abraham. And even now the axe lies at the root of the trees: every tree; therefore, that brings not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. I indeed baptize you in water unto repentance; but he that comes after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you in the Holy Spirit and in fire: whose fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly cleanse his threshing floor; and he will gather his wheat into the garner, but the chaff He will burn up with unquenchable fire" [Matthew 3:7-12]. John was the Elijah that was to come [Matthew 17:11; 11:10]. Cutting down a tree or forest is a common symbol of judgment and destruction of cities and nations in the Old Testament [Isaiah 10:34; Jeremiah 46:22-23; 22:7-8; Ezekiel 31:3-14]. If a tree is cut down, there is hope that it will sprout again from the stump [Job 14:7-8; Isaiah 11:1], but when the axe is put to the root there is no hope that the tree will ever sprout again.
Adam Clarke says this is "the desolation which was about to fall on the Jewish nation."
Lightfoot: "By the axe being now laid to the root of the tree, may fitly be understood, first, the certainty of their desolation; and second, the nearness, in that the instrument of their destruction as already prepared, and brought close to them; the Romans that should ruin their city and nation, being already master and rulers over them."
B. W. Johnson: "Think not to say...we have Abraham to our father. They believed that Abraham's race was to be saved, if all else was destroyed...'The axe is laid at the root of the tree.' A sign that the tree is to be cut down. The tree meant is the Jewish nation. Every tree. A fruitless fig tree was afterward made by our Lord to representative of the whole Jewish nation (Luke 13:6)." Also, Matthew 3:10-12 "And with fire. The term fire is used in verse 10, and there means a destroying agency; it is used again in verse 12 in the same sense; it is used in verse 11, also, the intervening verse, and must be used in exactly the same sense as in the other two verses. It cannot mean a curse in verses 10 and 12, and a blessing in verse 11, without a word of explanation. It is strange, therefore, that all commentators should not agree that the baptism of fire is a baptism of trial and suffering. There were two classes before John. Some would repent and be baptized finally in the Holy Spirit; there were others who would remain impenitent, and be baptized in the awful trials that would come upon Israel" B. W. Johnson, "The People New Testament With Notes," 1889, Gospel Light Publishing Company.
OUTER DARKNESS, WEEPING
AND THE GNASHING OF TEETH
"But the SONS OF THE KINGDOM shall be cast forth into the outer darkness: there shall be the weeping and the gnashing of teeth" [Matthew 8:12]. Even according to those who believe in Hell, no one is cast out of Heaven, but when this "weeping and the gnashing of teeth" is made to be after the judgment in Hell, it is the "sons of the kingdom" that are cast into the outer darkness. In trying to prove the outer darkness is Hell, some that are in Heaven are made to be cast out of Heaven into Hell after the judgment. If "and yourselves cast forth without" is cast into Hell where those who believe in Hell say the "weeping and gnashing of tenth" will be, then this makes those from the east and west go to Heaven after the judgment day. They have some going into Heaven, and some being cast out of Heaven after the kingdom has been delivered up to God, therefore, after the judgment. This is more than those trying to prove Hell want to prove, for they do not think any will be cast out of Heaven after the judgment and no one who is in Heaven after the judgment will go to Hell so why is this passage used in a way that makes it prove there will be some cast out of Heaven after the judgment?
J. W. McGarvey, Matthew 8:11: "And I say unto you, that many shall come from the east and the west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven [Jesus here predicts the conversion of the Gentiles, since that fact is suggested to him by the faith of this centurion. The east and the west represent the extreme points of the compass in the directions in which the world was most thickly inhabited. But Jesus refers rather to spiritual separation than to geographical distances--Mal. i. 11; Isa. xlix. 19; Jer. xvi. 19; Zech. viii. 22.] 12 But The Sons Of The Kingdom [The child of anything in Hebrew phraseology expressed the idea of special property which one has in the thing specified, as, for instance, children of disobedience (Eph. ii. 2). Jesus here means, then, the Jews, to whom the kingdom belonged by hereditary descent--Rom. ix. 4] shall be cast forth into the outer darkness: there shall be the weeping and the gnashing of teeth. [In this paragraph Christ's kingdom is set forth under the simile of a great feast, a familiar simile with Jesus (Matt. xxvi. 29; Luke xxii. 30). The Jews were accustomed to speak of the delights of the Messianic kingdom as a feast with the patriarchs (Luke xiv. 15), but lost sight of the fact that Gentiles should share in its cheer and fellowship (Isa. xxv. 6). Marriage feasts and other great feasts of the Jews were usually held in the evening. Inside, therefore, there would be joy and light and gladness, but outside there would be darkness and disappointment, tears and bitter self-reproach (Matt. xxv. 10-13). The despised outcasts should be brought in and placed at the festal board, while the long-invited guests-the natural and fleshly heirs of Abraham's invitation-would be excluded (Matt. xxi. 43)" The Fourfold Gospel, Page 272, 1914, Standard Publishing Company.
J. W. McGarvey, Luke 13:28 28: "There shall be the weeping and the gnashing of teeth, when you shall see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets, in the kingdom of God, and yourselves cast forth without. 29 And they shall come from the east and west, and from the north and south, and shall sit down in the kingdom of God. 30 And behold [little as you may think it], they are last who shall be first, and they are first who shall be last. [A familiar proverb of Christ's (Matt. xix. 30; xx. 10), to be interpreted by such passages as Matt. xxi. 31 and Rom. ix. 30, 31. The Jew who thought the Gentile had no hope at all, and that he himself was sure of salvation, would be surprised to find that his opinion was the very reverse of the real fact as time developed it]." The Fourfold Gospel, 1914, Standard Publishing Company. The Jews were cast forth out of the kingdom, but nothing is said about casting into "Hell."
B. W. Johnson, Matthew 8:12: "but the children of the kingdom. The Jews, the natural children of Abraham, the 'Father of the faithful,' heirs of the promises made to him. cast out because they rejected the Messiah, in whom all the promises center. into outer darkness" The People's New Testament With Notes, Gospel Light Publishing Company.
The three times "outer darkness" is used by Christ [Matthew 8:12; 22:13; 25:30], are in three parables, which refer to God's dealing with the Jews being cast out as God's chosen people and their destruction as a nation, but has been changed to be the lost in Hell are in outer darkness.
The seven times "weeping and gnashing of teeth" are used by Christ [Matthew 8:12; 13:42; 13:50; 22:13; 24:51; 25:30; Luke 13:28] are about the Jews being cast out as God's chosen people, but has also been changed to be the lost in Hell that are weeping and gnashing their teeth.
Although many of the wisest preachers and writers whose writings have stood the test of time like B. W. Johnson, J. W. McGarvey, Adam Clarke, Lightfoot, H. Leo Boles, Barnes, R. C. H. Lenski and many others say the "weeping and gnashing of teeth" is speaking of the Jews being rejected as God's chosen people, some still misuse this as did Stephen Wiggins in the Firm Foundation, 2006, Page 6. Gehenna is not even in any of the same passages. If he did any study, it would be difficult to believe he did not know the weeping and gnashing of teeth has no reference to "Hell." Is this not just a desperate attempt to find a passage that teaches eternal torment?
SIX PARABLES CONDEMNING ISRAEL
 ISRAEL, THE FRUITLESS FIG TREE [Luke 13:6-9]: "And he spoke this parable; A certain man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard; and he came seeking fruit thereon, and found none. And he said unto the vinedresser, behold, these three years I came seeking fruit on this fig tree, and found none: cut it down; why does it also cumber the ground? And he answering said unto him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and dung it: and if it bear fruit thenceforth, well; but if not, you shall cut it down." Barren national Israel would be cut down. "And seeing a fig tree by the way side, he came to it, and found nothing thereon, but leaves only; and he said unto it, Let there be no fruit from you hence forward forever" [Matthew 21:18-19].
 THE RICH MAN AND LAZARUS [Luke 16:19-31]: See "Part two" of this chapter.
 THE TWO SONS [Matthew 21:28-32]: "But what do you think? A man had two sons, and he came to the first and said, Son, go work today in the vineyard. And he answered and said, I will, sir; and he did not go. And he came to the second and said the same thing. But, he answered and said, I will not; yet he afterward regretted it and went. Which of the two did the will of his father? They said, the latter. Jesus said to them, Truly I say to you the tax-gatherers and harlots will get into the kingdom of God before you. For John came to you in the way of righteousness and you did not believe him; but the tax-gatherers and harlots did believe him; and you, seeing this, did not ever feel remorse afterward so as to believe him."
 ISRAEL, THE HUSBANDMAN [Matthew 21:33-45]: "Hear another parable: there was a man that was a householder, who planted a vineyard, and set a hedge about it, and dug a winepress in it, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandman, and went into another country. And when the season of the fruits drew near, he sent his servants to the husbandman, to receive his fruits. And the husbandman took his servants, and beat one, and killed another, and stoned another. Again, he sent other servants more than the first: and they did unto them in like manner. But, afterward he sent unto them his son, saying, they will reverence my son. But the husbandman, when they saw the son, said among themselves, this is the heir; come, let us kill him, and take his inheritance. And they took him, and cast him forth out to the vineyard, and killed him. When; therefore, the lord of the vineyard shall come, what will he do unto these husbandman? They say unto him, he will miserably destroy those miserable men, and will let out the vineyard unto other husbandmen, who shall render him the fruits in their seasons, Jesus said unto them, did you never read in the scriptures, the stone which the builders rejected, the same was made the head of the corner: this was from the Lord, and it is marvelous in our eyes? Therefore say I unto you, the kingdom of God shall be taken away from you, and shall be given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof. And he that falls on this stone shall be broken to pieces: but, on whomsoever it shall fall, it will scatter him as dust. And when the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they perceived that He spoke of them" Israel was scattered as dust in A. D. 70 when no Jews were left in Jerusalem or the country around it. Most Millennialists admit that this refers to the Jewish rejection of Christ. The kingdom was taken from the Jews and given to the Gentiles at the death and resurrection of Jesus. Millennialists say it will be taken from the Gentiles and given back to the Jews.
 THE MARRIAGE FEAST Matthew 22:1-14: "And Jesus answered and spoke to them again in parables, saying, The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king, who gave a wedding feast for his son. And he sent out his slaves to call those who had been invited to the wedding feast, and they were unwilling to come. Again, he sent out other slaves saying, Tell those who have been invited, Behold, I have prepared my dinner; my oxen and fattened livestock are all butchered and everything is ready; come to the wedding feast. But, they paid no attention and went their way, one to his own farm, another to his business, and the rest seized his slaves and mistreated them and killed them. But, the king was enraged and sent his armies, and destroyed those murders, and set their city on fire. Then he said to his slaves, The wedding is ready, but those who were invited were not worthy. Go therefore to the main highways, and as many as you find there, invite to the wedding feast. And those slaves went out into the streets, and gathered together all they found, both evil and good; and the wedding hall was filled with dinner guests. But, when the king came in to look over the dinner guests, he saw there a man not dressed in wedding clothes, and he said to him, Friend, how did you come in here without wedding clothes? And he was speechless. Then the king said to the servants, Bind him hand and foot, and cast him into the outer darkness; in that place there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. For many are called, but few are chosen." The Jews killed the prophets God send to them, and they and their city were destroyed and the Gentiles were brought into the kingdom.
 THE NARROW DOOR Luke 13:24-30: "Strive to enter in by the narrow door: for many, I say unto you, shall seek to enter in, and shall not be able. When once the master of the house is risen up, and has shut the door, and begin to stand without, and to knock at the door, saying, Lord, open to us; and he shall answer and say to you, I know you not where you are; then shall you begin to say, we did eat and drink in your presence, and you did teach in our streets; and he shall say, I tell you, I know not were you are; depart from me, all you workers of iniquity. There shall be the weeping and the gnashing of teeth, when you shall see Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and all the prophets in the kingdom of God and yourselves cast forth without. And there shall come from the east and the west, and from the north and the south, and shall sit down in the kingdom of God. And behold, there are last who shall be the first, and there are first who shall be last" This is about the coming rejection of Israel and the Gentiles being accepted into the kingdom of Heaven, which is the church. Not about some being cast out of Heaven, which is what it would be if the weeping and gnashing of teeth were in Hell. Israel was the "sons of the kingdom" ["children of the kingdom" King James Version] that was cast into outer darkness, not those who never believed. The Jews, who were then the children of the kingdom, were cast out of the light and are no longer God's chosen people, into the darkness of the world without the light of God's revelation. "O Jerusalem...behold your house is left unto you desolate" [Luke 13:34-35]. Those who believe in Hell leave out the rest of what Christ said in the next two versus when He says the Gentiles will come into the kingdom, and verse 30 the Gentles who were last become first. If this were after the judgment, the Gentiles would be coming into the kingdom in Heaven after the judgment.
"Therefore say I unto you, the kingdom of God shall be taken away from you [the Jews], and shall be given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof" [Matthew 21:43].
WEEPING AND GNASHING OF TEETH are both used in the Old and New Testament.
1]. WEEPING for miseries and grief, both for personal miseries and as a nation [too often to list them: use any good concordance]. It is used in the New Testament the same way it was in the Old Testament. See Matthew 2:18; Mark 5:28; Luke 7:38; 8:52: John 11:33; 20:11 Acts 9:39; 21:13; Philippians 3:18 and James 5:1. The weeping is the Jews when they see Israel being cast out as God's chosen people, and Jerusalem and the Temple being destroyed, and the end of their national identity See Matthew 24, Daniel 9 and 10.
2]. GNASHING OF TEETH shows anger and rage of the persons gnashing their teeth not pain, and is used in both the Old and New Testament. "They hiss and gnash the teeth" Lamentations 2:16, See Psalm 35:16; Micah 3:5. Used the same way in the New Testament. "And they gnashed on him with their teeth" [Acts 7:54]. Those who stoned Stephen were angry with him, not in pain; they were not dead and in Hell, they were alive and on this earth. If gnashing of teeth were in Hell, as many teach it is, who are they going to gnash with their teeth? Does anyone believe some in Hell will be angry with others in Hell and gnash them with their teeth? The gnashing of teeth is their anger and rage towards those doing the destroying [the Roman army], and maybe even toward God for letting the destroying be happening. Gnashing of teeth is because of anger or rage. It is not because of the person doing the gnashing of his or her teeth are being tormented in Hell. In the Bible gnashing of teeth is always because of anger in both the Old and the New Testament. It is misused today to show torment in "Hell."
Weeping and gnashing of teeth are two different things, which are sometimes both found together, but most often are not together. Neither one ever occurs in the same passages with hades or Gehenna. That either one or both will be in Hell is an assumption that is preached over and over. Could an immaterial, invisible part of a person gnash its teeth?
THE CENTURION GENTILE Matthew 8:5-13: "And when he was entered into Capernaum, there came unto him a centurion, beseeching him, and saying, Lord, my servant lying in the house sick of the palsy, grievously tormented. 7 And he said unto him, I will come and heal him. And the centurion answered and said, Lord, I am not worthy that you should come under my roof; but only say the word, and my servant shall be healed. For I also am a man under authority, having under myself soldiers: and I say to this one, Go, and he goes; and to another, Come, and he comes; and to my servant, Do this, and he does it. And when Jesus heard it, he marveled, and said to them that followed, Verily I say unto you, I have not found so great faith, no, not in Israel. And I say unto you, that many shall come from the east and the west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven: but the sons of the kingdom shall be cast forth into the outer darkness: there shall be the weeping and the gnashing of teeth. And Jesus said unto the centurion, Go your way; as you have believed, [so] be it done unto you. And the servant was healed in that hour." After seeing the faith of this Gentile, Jesus says the Gentiles will sit in the kingdom and the sons [Jews] will be cast forth. The same as at the marriage feast (above), the Jews, because they rejected Christ as their king was cast out of the kingdom. The church, not Israel, is now God's kingdom. Those who teach Hell read the prophecies of Christ about the judgment of Israel in AD 70 and move the weeping and gnashing of teeth to Hell after the Judgment Day is over. They have not found one passage that says anything about the lost after the judgment. Nothing can happen to nothing. After the second death there could be nothing said, for there will be nothing to say anything about. There is a first death, a resurrection from the first death, then the second death, but nothing is said about a third life after the second death. They need something to prove their Hell, and try to make it look as if weeping and gnashing of teeth could only be in Hell; although both weeping and gnashing of teeth are used throughout the Old Testament and those who believe in Hell do not believe weeping and gnashing of teeth in the Old Testament have any reference to a time of punishment after the Judgment Day, but they assume that in the New Testament both are used in reference to punishment in Hell after the judgment day. Weeping and gnashing of teeth has a reference to Hell only when they want or need them to.
WEEPING AND GNASHING OF TEETH: God says the "wages of sin is death," not an eternal life of weeping and gnashing of teeth in Hell and will go on forever, for there is no death for the soul that cannot die. We would never be able to know that this weeping will be in Hell unless:
First: Many say that there is a Hell, but there is not one word about it in the Bible.
Second: Then they tell us that this weeping shall be in Hell. How could they know this when there is no passage that says it is in "Hell"?
Some of the words used by Christ to describe the Jews: blind guides, hypocrites, murderers, adulterous, transgressors, faithless, perverse, fools, generation of snakes. "O Jerusalem, Jerusalem...behold, your house (the temple Christ had just left) is left unto you desolate" [Matthew 23:38].
B. W. Johnson, Matthew 23:33-39. "The People's New Testament With Notes" Gospel Light Publishing Company, 1889. 33. You generations of vipers, how can you escape? Etc. Brood of vipers, full of venom, deadly as serpents, treacherous as the lurking serpent. So John had called them nearly four years before (Matt. 3:7).
34. Wherefore, I send unto you prophets and wise men. In Luke 11:49, is a passage much like this. The men sent were inspired apostles and evangelists. By giving the Jews still further opportunities after the sin of the cross, the guilt of those continued to reject the crucified Lord was aggravated. Prophets. Inspired teachers, like the apostles, Philip, Stephen, etc. Wise men. Faithful, devout and learned, but uninspired preachers. Scribes. Usually, those who copy and teach the wisdom of others, but I suppose also embracing those who wrote the New Testament Scriptures. Some of them you shall kill and crucify. Literally fulfilled in the next few years.
35. That upon you may come all the righteous blood. Thus would they fill the measure full and become guilty of all the righteous blood shed by the whole army of martyrs. Unto the blood of Zacharias. The reference is probably to 2 Chron. 24:20.
36. Verily, I say unto you, all these things shall come upon this generation. As the Amorites were spared until "their iniquity was full" (Gen. 15:16), so the iniquity of Israel was allowed to accumulate from age to age, till in that generation it came to the full, and the collected vengeance of justice broke at once upon it. So it is often in the destruction of a nation. The French Revolution of 1793 is another example.
37. Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you that kills the prophets. The intense feeling that spoke in this utterance comes out first in the redoubling of the word Jerusalem; next in the picture of the sins of the city which he draws--a city so wicked that it was not content with rejecting the messengers of God, but even slew them. I know of nothing more touching than this apostrophe. How often would I have gathered your children together. Not only had the city been warned again and again by the prophets, but the Lord had visited it at least six or seven times, and had for months taught in its streets. Nor did his solicitude end with the cross. His long suffering, patience and love are shown by his charge in the commission to the apostles: "To preach repentance and remission in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem." You would not. "Would not" explains the cause of the rejection of the gospel. It is not because God in Christ is not ready: he would gather them. It is not because men cannot come, but because they will not come. Christ wished the salvation of Jerusalem; his will was for them to be saved: he sought to influence their wills to make a choice of salvation, but they would not. So God still "is not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance" (2 Peter 3:9), but there are many "who will not come to Christ that they might have life" (John 5:40). While God wills the salvation of men, he does not destroy free agency by coercing the human will, but says: "Whosoever will, let him come."
38. Behold, your house is left unto you desolate. This was the consequence of refusing to come to Christ. The temple is the house meant. God will abandon it and leave it desolate. He will no longer accept its worship.
39. You shall not see me henceforth. This seems to imply that the temple shall be deserted when he leaves it. With his departure the presence of God departs. He was the Lord of the temple. Till you shall say. These were his last words in the temple precincts, but they do not shut out all hope. Even yet when the Jews shall join in the hosannas of those who, on the Sunday before, had sung his praises, and cry, "Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord," they may be permitted to behold their Messiah...When Christ abandoned the temple in Jerusalem, it was only fit for the destroyer.
"That which Israel seeks for, that he obtained not; but the election obtained it, and the rest were hardened" [Romans 11:7]. Whatever Israel did not obtain, the elect had obtained it at the time Paul wrote this. It is not something that will be obtained after the coming of Christ by Israel or anyone. How is anyone saved today, Jew or Gentile? Only by the Gospel. I was saved when I heard the Gospel and obeyed it. All that are saved are saved in the same way. "For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is THE POWER of God for salvation to EVERYONE who believes, TO THE JEW FIRST and also to the Greek" [Romans 1:16]. Neither a Jew nor a Greek can be saved without believing and obeying the gospel. Today a nation cannot be saved as a nation (Israel or any other nation). All the individuals must believe and obey the Gospel. There is no other way. "But if some of the branches were broken off, ["some of the branches," plural, are individuals Jews, not "some of the nations"] and you, being a wild olive, was grafted in among them [among some of the branches, the Jews that believed and were not broken off]...Well; by their unbelief they were broken off, and you stand by your faith...for if God spared not the natural branches [individuals Jews], neither will he spare you [individuals Gentiles, not nations]. Behold then the goodness and severity of God: toward them that fell (individuals, not nations), severity; but toward you, God's goodness; otherwise, you also shall be cut off. And they [individuals Jews] also, if they continue not in their unbelief, shall be grafted in" [Romans 11:17-24]. Many of the believers in the early church were Jews. Paul was a Jew, and he said, "Even so than at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace [at the time Paul was writing this and today some Jews believed]" [Romans 11:4]. Salvation is always available to Jews or Gentiles if they will accept Christ. The law was only a shadow of that which was to come. Israel cannot be restored as a nation without restoring the shadow, including restoring animal sacrifice, etc.
There is individuality "about the Christian religion that cannot be dispensed with. Those who accept Christ must do it as individuals, not as a nation. Each one must come to Christ on his own individual faith. He can come in no other way. In this way he can come now; and this is the only way a Gentile, or anyone else can come. The Jews were broken off for unbelief, and they must come in faith. This opportunity they have now, and have always had--they need not expect, or wait for any thing more." Dr T. W. Brents, Gospel Sermons, Page 329, 1918, Gospel Advocate Publishing Co.
"Woe unto you! For you build the tombs of the prophets, and your fathers killed them. So you are witnesses and consent unto the works of your fathers: for they kill them, and you build their tombs. Therefore, also said the wisdom of God, I will send unto them prophets and apostles; and some of them they shall kill and persecute; that the blood of all the prophets, which was shed from the foundation of the world, may be required of this generation; from the blood of Abel unto the blood of Zechariah, who perished between the altar and the sanctuary: yea, I say unto you, it shall be required of this generation" [Luke 11:47-51].
 THE LORD'S LAMENT OVER JERUSALEM WHEN HE WAS ON THE ROAD TO JERUSALEM Luke 19:41-44: When Jesus drew nigh Jerusalem He wept over the city and tells His disciples of the destruction of it in which His language is similar to Luke 21:5-33. "And when he drew nigh, he saw the city and wept over it, saying, If you had known in this day, even you, the things which belong unto peace! But, now they are hid from your eyes. For the days shall come upon you, when your enemies will throw up a bank about you, and surround you, and hem you in on every side, and will level you to the ground and your children within you; and they shall not leave in you one stone upon another; because you did not recognize the time of your visitation" [Luke 19:41-44 New American Standard Version].
 IN AN ADDRESS TO THE SCRIBES AND PHARISEE AT JERUSALEM: In Matthew 23 Jesus gives seven woes to the scribes and Pharisees [Matthew 23:13, 15, 16, 23, 25, 27 29] and ends the address with "Verily I say unto you, all these things shall come upon this generation. O Jerusalem, Jerusalem that kills the prophets, and stones them that are sent unto her! How often would I have gathered your children together, even as a hen gathers her chickens under her wings, and you would not! Behold, your house is left unto you desolate" [Matthew 23:36-38]. In Matthew 24:34 He again says, "This generation shall not pass away, till all these things be accomplished." All the woes in Matthew 23 and all the signs of Matthew 24 were to come upon that generation, before that generation passed away.
"ALL THESE THINGS SHALL COME UPON THIS GENERATION"
Christ used "generation" twenty-five times in reference to the Jews of his day, nine of the twenty-five are in Matthew [Matthew 11:16; 12:39; 12:41; 12:42; 12:45; 16:4; 17:17; 23:36; 24:24]. "But first he (Christ) must suffer many things and be rejected of this generation" [Luke 17:25; also Mark 8:12; 8:12; 8:38; 9:19; 13:30; Luke 7:31; 9:41; 11:29; 11:30; 11:31; 11:32; 11:50; 11:51; 16:8; 17:25; 21:32]. "Genea," the Greek word from which "generation" is translated never means "race" as the Millennialists contend that it does in Matthew 24:34.
"THIS GENERATION" The generation of Jews in the time of Christ.